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Earlier Entries

 

 

 

The Davis Test Match Database Online.

 

Detailed scores for all Tests from 1877 to early 1960 have now been posted, covering almost 500 Tests. More than 330 of these Tests include ball-by-ball coverage; virtually all others offer some degree of extended detail, beyond anything previously made available online.

 

The starting page is here. An information page outlining this database is here.

A Bonus Page: some remarkable first-class innings, re-scored.

 

 

 

At the start of play on the third day at Christchurch in 1987, Gordon Greenidge, 16 not out overnight, went out to bat without his batting gloves. After five balls (faced by Haynes) he interrupted play to go and get some. After a delay, Haynes was out next ball, to Chatfield. Haynes evidently had something to say to Greenidge about the interruption. Greenidge was out to the next ball after that, to Hadlee’s first ball of the day.

 

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Most balls faced between dismissal in ODIs: Chris Harris in 1997-98. He faced 465 balls between dismissals (9 innings) and batted for 150 overs.

 

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Wellington 1990, a ball from Danny Morrison slipped from his grip and rolled to square leg. Alan Border claimed it, walked over and hit it to the boundary, with Morrison standing (glaring at him, I daresay) a few yards away.

 

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During the first Test at Karachi in 1988-89, the Australians were furious at the umpiring of Mahboob Shah, claiming a number of unfair lbw decisions. The year previously, England had almost curtailed a Pakistan tour over similar issues. As they had in the previous season, Pakistan authorities resisted the Australian complaints and appointed Shah to the second Test as well. The Australians were a little mollified when Shah gave opener Ramiz Raja out lbw, second ball to Bruce Reid.

 

Shah also gave Javed Miandad out lbw in the same Test (for 107). This was a rare experience for Javed in home Tests.

 

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14 November 2017

 

Most Expensive First Over in Test Cricket

 

Sohag Gazi

18

Ban v WI, Mirpur 2012/13

JM Anderson

17

Eng v Zim, Lord's 2003

PIC Thompson

17

WI v NZ, Bridgetown, Barbados 1996

GA Bartlett

16

SAf v NZ, Durban (Kingsmead) 1961/62

MJ Nicholson

15

Aus v Eng, Melbourne (MCG) 1998/99

 

Sohag’s over included four leg byes, so his figures at the end of the over were 1-0-14-0. Bartlett’s over would have cost 17 runs using modern counting (a no ball was scored from) but also included four byes. DD Ebrahim scored 15 runs in the Anderson over, the most by a single batsman off a bowler’s first over in Tests. Anderson first four deliveries in Tests were: no ball, FOUR, no ball, FOUR. “…not the greatest of starts for Anderson” said Cricinfo in the ball-by-ball text.

 

 

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Alan Border’s two highest scores in Tests both included incidents where the batsman believed himself to be out, but was recalled.

 

At Lord’s in 1985, Border, on 87 (the co-called Devil’s number for Australians) had turned towards the pavilion when Mike Gatting juggled a catch at short leg, then appeared to throw the ball in the air in celebration. Gatting, however, made a hash of the whole thing and umpire Dickie Bird ruled that he had not controlled the ball sufficiently. Border went on to make 196.

 

At Adelaide in 1987-88, Border, on 66, appeared to be caught at mid-on by Jeff Crowe. The fielder, however, was not sure if he had caught it cleanly and called Border, who was heading for the pavilion again, back.

 

In that innings, Border was also given not out to an lbw appeal that Robelinda calls the “Plumbest ever LBW turned down in cricket”. I tend to agree. Even Border looked bemused. At the time of writing, the video is here.

 

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Fastest ODI Centuries on Debut

 

Perhaps the most enduring important ODI record that could still be broken is Desmond Haynes’ highest score on ODI debut: 148 against Australia in 1978. Since then, almost 3900 ODIs have been played without anyone topping Haynes’ mark, representing almost 99% of all ODIs. Scoring a century on ODI debut is still fairly rare, and there have been only 14; one reason is that with so many matches played, debuts are not particularly common.

 

Here’s a list of most of the debut centuries ranked according to fastest to reach the century.

 

100 (BF)

MS Chapman

124(116)

103

UAE v HKg, Dubai 16-Nov-2015

Mohammad Shahzad

118(121)

107

Afg v Can, Sharjah 16-Feb-2010

MJ Lumb

106(117)

109

WI v Eng, Antigua 28-Feb-2014

DL Haynes

148(136)

110

WI v Aus, St. John's 22-Feb-1978

CA Ingram

124(126)

110

SAf v Zim, Bloemfontein 15-Oct-2010

T Bavuma

113(123)

110

Ban v Afg, Dhaka 25-Sep-2016

KL Rahul

100(115)

115

Zim v Ind, Harare 11-Jun-2016

RJ Nicol

108(131)

120

Zim v NZ, Harare 20-Oct-2011

MJ Guptill

122(135)

122

NZ v WI, Auckland 10-Jan-2009

PJ Hughes

112(129)

123

Aus v SL, Melbourne 11-Jan-2013

Imam-ul-Haq

100(125)

124

Pak v SL, Abu Dhabi 18-Oct-2017

 

For the innings as a whole, Haynes’ remains the fastest century on debut (108.8 runs per 100 balls).

 

To get a first-100 figure for Haynes, I had to get a copy of the original scorebook, kindly supplied by Colin Clowes at Cricket NSW. Even this did not give a balls faced figure for first 100, but by re-scoring the scoresheet, I was able to get a reasonably accurate figure. The scoresheet was not very easy to read in places, but I am happy with the final figure.

 

There are a handful of ODI early debut centuries for which balls faced are not available for the first 100 runs, including the first by Dennis Amiss. However, these were not scored at a speed that would rival the highest-ranked.

 

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Against Pakistan at Abu Dhabi in 2011-12, Graham Swann took a wicket with the last ball of an over, but was then taken off because the new ball was available in the next over. When Swann was brought back on, he took a wicket with his first ball, and thus took wickets with consecutive balls in the same innings, but 14 overs apart.

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In an ODI in Guwahati in 1993 between Sri Lanka and South Africa, Rumesh Ratnayake, who was batting with a runner,  was run out when he set off for a run while his runner did not move from the crease. He remonstrated with the umpire, who changed his decision to ‘not out’, only to finally – and correctly – give the batsman out when the South Africans fielders had something to say.

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On the final day of the Sydney Test of 1985-86, against, India, Australian captain Allan Border was out twice, and only scored 10 runs. He was out at 11:18am (for 71, having been on 64 overnight) and again at 5:46pm, for 3. In between, at 3:40pm in Brisbane, his wife gave birth to a daughter.

 

Australia, 347 for 4 in their first innings overnight on the fourth day, managed to nearly lose the match, being all out for 396 against India’s 600 for 4, and losing six wickets for 119 in the follow-on. There had been just eight wickets in 321 overs on the first four days, but there were 12 wickets off 104 overs on the fifth.

Border was out twice in a day in only one other Test, at Perth in 1984/85.

 

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At Old Trafford in 1948, the Australian batsmen (batting for a draw) did not change ends for the first 38.5 overs. All the runs, more than 50, were in twos and fours. Alec Bedser's first spell was 8 overs: 48 balls, and Arthur Morris faced all 48. Bedser’s spell finished, and there were, of course, other bowling changes during those 38.5 overs.

 

Ian Johnson was out for 6 off 32 balls, but only faced Pollard.

 

When Bedser came on for a second spell, Morris was still at the same end and faced the first 23 balls; so he faced the first 71 balls that Bedser bowled in the innings.

 

At Melbourne in 1883, Bill Murdoch faced up to 48 consecutive balls from Barlow without facing anyone else. He did not score.

 

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18 October 2017

 

Bowling to Exhaustion

 

I have tried to nail down the most balls bowled in a Test without a bowling change. I already knew that it was probably Ramadhin and Valentine at the Gabba in 1951 (final innings), but there is no surviving score. I think I can say now that it was 69.7 eight-ball overs (plus or minus one, perhaps) which translates to 93 six-ball overs (rounded). The next best known is 86 overs, by the same bowlers at Lord's in 1950.

 

Ram and Val came on immediately after a wicket in the fourth over (1 for 8), and the score was on 12. They bowled the last 11 overs before tea (very probably). There was a change of ends immediately following tea (one over for two runs by Gomez, in place of Ramadhin), then the 69.7 by Ram and Val extending into the next day. Ramadhin bowled from the Stanley St end before tea and the Vulture St end afterwards.

 

Australia won by 3 wickets. Note the lack of imagination on the captain's part not to try any other options, especially as Gomez had taken a wicket, and Valentine took 1 for 117.

 

I found an interesting line about Ramadhin in the match. It says that when called on to bowl, he rolled his sleeves DOWN. I have read somewhere that he once admitted that he bowled in long sleeves to disguise the possibility of chucking.

 

Australia had some luck. Hassett, on 11, played a ball from Ramadhin onto his stumps without the bails falling.

 

A quote from Wisden. [Note: the "first five overs" comment is incorrect; it was the first four.]

 

"Goddard's tactics caused considerable comment. Although Gomez took a wicket in his opening spell, he and Worrell bowled only the first five overs of the innings – they conceded fourteen runs – before Goddard switched to Ramadhin and Valentine, who were called upon to bowl unchanged to the end. Between them they sent down over 80 overs and both gave signs of having been over worked. Valentine lost his usually splendid length and Ramadhin suffered reaction in subsequent games. After calling for the new ball Goddard rubbed it on the ground to remove the shine and asked his spinners to continue."

 

Sreeram added the following: Frank Worrell said that Goddard was tactically naive and did not know anything besides bowling Ramadhin and Valentine. He relied heavily on the players for his tactics (I don't now remember who these were apart from Worrell. Stollmeyer, Gomez etc possibly)

 

In the 1951-52 Australia series, the players fell out with Goddard and they stopped providing their feedback to Goddard. So when Australians began to work Ramadhin & Valentine out, Goddard did not know what else to do.

 

[I would add that team discipline fell apart when Johnston and Ring were playing their match-winning last-wicket stand at Melbourne. Bowlers and other fielders changed the field around when the captain’s back was turned. Ramadhin just walked off the field. Goddard withdrew from the next (final) Test, citing “nervous exhaustion”.]

 

 

Two bowlers unchanged (six-ball overs equivalent):

 

93 overs, S Ramadhin and AL Valentine, Brisbane 1951

86 overs, S Ramadhin and AL Valentine, Lord’s 1950

79 overs, W Rhodes and WE Astill, Georgetown 1930

75 overs, DA Allen and GAR Lock, Calcutta 1961/62

73 overs, S Ramadhin and AL Valentine, Christchurch 1952.

65 overs Iqbal Qasim and Tauseef Ahmed, Karachi 1979/80

 

 

*******

 

Rutherford Does an Alletson (well not quite)

 

I have carried out an unusual re-score, on a partial score of Ken Rutherford’s 317 off 245 balls at Scarborough in 1986. I have the batting page for this innings (kindly supplied by Jamie Bell at the Cricket Museum, Wellington), but not the bowling page. However, I was able to come up with something akin to a ball-by-ball analysis after I realised that the scoring strokes on the batting page were colour-coded according to the bowler who conceded the runs. Eventually, I was able to identify the bowler and tease out the scoring for each over, although the placement of dot balls within each over could only be estimated. Even so, it was possible to reproduce exactly all the published bowling figures, and the balls faced figures for batsmen (including milestones) seen on the batting page. It was made easier by the extremely fast scoring, which meant there were few maiden overs.

 

Rutherford’s scoring was a close rival for Charlie Macartney’s 345 in 1921, and especially remarkable after a regulation early phase: he did not score until his 14th ball and took 64 balls to reach 50. Rutherford scored 199 runs between lunch and tea, and at one stage scored 100 runs (213 to 313) in the space of nine overs – in just under half an hour. (Compton scored more than 100 in nine overs at Benoni in 1948-49, but they were eight-ball overs.)

 

These latter stages of Rutherford’s innings rival Ted Allettson’s 189 off about 106 balls in 1911 (the last 142 off about 51 balls) – perhaps.

 

I have added the score to the page here.

 

 

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Kings of the No Ball

 

On 7 September 2017 I briefly reviewed the bowlers, with the longest careers, who had bowled very few no balls in Tests. To follow up, here is the other extreme: bowlers who bowled no balls most frequently. This sometimes has to be done from incomplete data, as oftentimes in the past no balls in scores were not ascribed individually to bowlers. The ball-by-ball database helps here.

 

Wherever possible, I have used the number of deliveries that were called no ball or wide, rather than the number of runs conceded, so a delivery that goes for ‘four no balls’ counts as only one against the bowler, something that has been enshrined in official scoring protocols only in the last few weeks. No balls that were scored from are also counted wherever possible; these were not added to no ball totals in conventional scorecards before 1998, and have to be derived from original scoresheets.

 

The bowler with the most no balls in the database is Bob Willis with 762. However, Wasim Akram certainly bowled more: I have 745 in the database, covering 82% of his bowling career, and so have used an estimate of 838 no balls in total.

 

Bowlers with highest rates of no balls (Tests)

nb per 100 balls

Balls bowled (wkts)

nb

wd

5.19

BP Patterson

4829 (93)

250

9

4.41

Chetan Sharma

3470 (61)

153*

15

4.39

RGD Willis

17357 (325)

762

19

4.30

SL Malinga

5209 (101)

224

36

3.75

MD Marshall

17584 (376)

658*

38

3.71

Wasim Akram

22627 (414)

838*

36

*Estimated from incomplete data. Qualification 100 wickets.

 

 

The bowler with most recorded wides is Jacques Kallis with 104, followed by Mitchell Johnson with 90 and Ian Botham on 77. Currently, Morne Morkel is on 75 with probably more to come.

 

 

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Most consecutive dot balls in ODIs:

The most in the available data for a single bowler is 39, across two games by Ray Price of Zimbabwe in 2008 (against Ireland and Kenya).

CM Wright bowled 34 dot balls in a row in one ODI for Scotland v Canada at Benoni in 2009.

 

Jimmy Anderson bowled 31 in a row, including five consecutive maidens, in one game against Australia at Adelaide in 2003.

 

These sequences did not contain byes or leg byes.

 

Note: I only have data for about two-thirds of ODIs, and almost none before 1985. About half of the cases of bowlers bowling six or more maidens occurred before 1980; almost all of them were in 55- or 60-over games. I do have data for Phil Simmons 10-8-3-4 in 1992, but his longest sequence was shorter than Anderson.

In the 1979 World Cup, Canada (against England) played 45 consecutive dot balls (both batsmen). One batsman, FA Dennis, personally faced 47 balls before scoring.

 

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In a Colombo Test in 1985-86, Roy Dias (4) was out caught second ball, after being dropped first ball by Viswanath at slip, with the ball going to the boundary.

 

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3 October 2017

 

To supplement the Test Match Database Online, I have posted a small number of notable first-class innings that I have been able to re-score.

 

-       Trumper 293 in three hours in 1914 (Cricket NSW Library)

-       Woolley 305 in 3.5 hours in 1912. (National Library of Australia collection)

-       Macartney 345 in under four hours in 1921. (Cricket NSW Library)

-       Bradman 452* in 1929-30. (Cricket NSW Library)

-       Compton 300* in three hours in 1948-49. (M.C.C. Library, Lord’s)

-       Lara 501* in 1994. (Warwickshire C.C.C. Archive)

The sources are original scorebooks found in various locations, listed above. They have been re-scored into linear form, along the same lines as the Test matches. As is sometimes the case with old scores, the early ones have occasional anomalies, with slight corrections required. The Trumper re-score produces a score of 294 not 293, while Macartney comes in at 343 not 345. Careful analysis has isolated an over where Macartney’s missing 2 runs were probably scored, and that has been added.

 

The relevant page is here.
Some other data on these innings can be found here.

 

 

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Comparing Bowling Performances: a Simple but Effective Way?

 

I have found an interesting and simple way to compare great bowling performances, which I would suggest has some validity. (The idea was suggested by Michael Jones.) It looks at the value of the batsmen dismissed. Simply add up the career batting averages of the batsmen dismissed by a bowler. A performance where a bowler dismisses five top-order batsman will be rated much higher than one who dismisses five tailenders, and this method allows for strength of opposition almost automatically. Here are the results for innings bowling.


Highest Total Batting Value for Test Innings Bowling

343.3

A Kumble

10/74

Ind v Pak, Delhi (FSK) 1998/99

341.7

SP Gupte

9/102

Ind v WI, Kanpur 1958/59

308.3

SCJ Broad

8/15

Eng v Aus, Nottingham (Trent Bridge) 2015

302.9

WJ O'Reilly

7/189

Eng v Aus, Manchester (Old Trafford) 1934

300.6

JC Laker

10/53

Eng v Aus, Manchester (Old Trafford) 1956

299.9

NM Lyon

8/50

Ind v Aus, Bangalore 2016/17

298.3

MG Hughes

8/87

Aus v WI, Perth (WACA) 1988/89

295.6

A Kumble

8/141

Aus v Ind, Sydney (SCG) 2003/04

294.9

GF Lawson

8/112

Aus v WI, Adelaide Oval 1984/85

291.5

WE Bowes

6/142

Eng v Aus, Leeds (Headingley) 1934

290.9

GD McKenzie

8/71

Aus v WI, Melbourne (MCG) 1968/69

290.7

RJ Hadlee

9/52

Aus v NZ, Brisbane ('Gabba') 1985/86

289.5

PM Hornibrook

7/92

Eng v Aus, The Oval 1930

288.2

N Kapil Dev

9/83

Ind v WI, Ahmedabad (Gujarat) 1983/84

288.1

M Muralitharan

8/70

Eng v SL, Nottingham (Trent Bridge) 2006

287.5

HMRKB Herath

9/127

SL v Pak, Colombo2 (SSC) 2014

286.4

GD McGrath

8/24

Aus v Pak, Perth (WACA) 2004/05

286.4

IT Botham

8/103

Eng v WI, Lord's 1984

285.3

NA Foster

8/107

Eng v Pak, Leeds (Headingley) 1987

284.5

AW Greig

8/86

WI v Eng, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad 1974

282.3

DE Malcolm

9/57

Eng v SAf, The Oval 1994

282.1

M Muralitharan

7/100

Ind v SL, Delhi (FSK) 2005/06

280.7

JR Ratnayeke

8/83

Pak v SL, Sialkot 1985/86

280.2

TE Bailey

7/44

Eng v WI, Lord's 1957

Figures are sum totals of batting averages of batsmen dismissed in the innings.

 

Although it wasn’t in a Test match, Lillee's 8 for 29 against the World XI in 1971/72 beats this lot, but only just, with a total of 346.2.

 

I was surprised not to see a bigger presence of bowlers who had dismissed Bradman, but Bowes in 1934 is the only one. It was surprisingly uncommon for a bowler to dismiss Bradman along with the other top batsmen in the same innings.

It occurred to me that one could modify this list by subtracting the runs conceded. I could even argue that this may be valid, since the “Total Batting Value” index is in runs anyway. It produces an interesting list…

 

Highest Total Batting Value, Allowing for Runs Conceded (Test Innings Bowling)

293.3

SCJ Broad

8/15

Eng v Aus, Nottingham (Trent Bridge) 2015

269.3

A Kumble

10/74

Ind v Pak, Delhi (FSK) 1998/99

262.4

GD McGrath

8/24

Aus v Pak, Perth (WACA) 2004/05

249.9

NM Lyon

8/50

Ind v Aus, Bangalore 2016/17

247.6

JC Laker

10/53

Eng v Aus, Manchester (Old Trafford) 1956

245.7

HJ Tayfield

7/23

SAf v Aus, Durban (Kingsmead) 1949/50

239.7

SP Gupte

9/102

Ind v WI, Kanpur 1958/59

238.7

RJ Hadlee

9/52

Aus v NZ, Brisbane ('Gabba') 1985/86

236.2

TE Bailey

7/44

Eng v WI, Lord's 1957

236.1

H Verity

8/43

Eng v Aus, Lord's 1934

226.6

JE Taylor

6/47

WI v Aus, Kingston, Jamaica 2015

226.4

JC Laker

9/37

Eng v Aus, Manchester (Old Trafford) 1956

225.3

DE Malcolm

9/57

Eng v SAf, The Oval 1994

222.2

LR Gibbs

8/38

WI v Ind, Bridgetown, Barbados 1962

220.0

SNJ O'Keefe

6/35

Ind v Aus, Pune (Subrata) 2016/17

 

A few of these performances are provisional, since the final career batting averages of the batsmen are yet to be resolved. Steve O’Keefe makes it onto the list with a ‘mere’ 6 for 35, but it was a remarkable return for very few runs. All six of his victims had batting averages over 32.

 

Well, there are limits to the usefulness of this. Judging those with very short careers by their batting average is a bit dubious. It’s an interesting exercise, nevertheless. One thing that I like about it is that it does not require a battery of ‘adjustment factors’. I don’t much care for ratings that bring in too many factors. Ultimately, the choice and weighting of the factors can be more important than the raw performances.

 

I will do an analysis of match figures at some stage. Since both of Laker’s innings returns in 1956 are found in these lists, I know what would be #1.

 

Over a whole career, the value of batsmen dismissed tends to even out, but pace bowlers do tend to dismiss higher-value batsmen, on average.

 

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Playing for Australia v Pakistan in an ODI at the MCG on 16 Jan 1997, Anthony Stuart (5-26) took five wickets for 2 runs in the space of 14 balls, including a hat-trick and all of them top- or middle-order batsmen. It was his last appearance for Australia; he was not selected again.

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A curious (and rare) anomaly in the score of the 1st Test of the 1982-83 India tour of West Indies at Kingston. In India’s first innings, Venkataraghavan is listed as “b Roberts 0”. However, multiple independent reports, from the West Indies and India, say that Venkat was out hit wicket. Both the West Indies Cricket Annual and Jamaica Daily Gleaner say that Venkat’s helmet came off and fell onto the stumps.

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Against Sri Lanka At Wellington in 1982-83, New Zealand wicketkeeper Warren Lees took five catches in the space of 70 minutes on the fourth day.

 

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Playing in last Test series in 1983-84, champion slipper Greg Chappell was keen to overtake Colin Cowdrey’s record for most catches in the field. Going into the third Test, he needed only one to tie; however the third and fourth Tests passed without any catches for Chappell, and in fact no catches at all were taken by Australia in the slips in the fourth Test.

In the final Test, Alan Border took two catches at second slip on the first day; the second involved diving across in front of Chappell at first slip (Border actually apologised to Chappell). Kim Hughes then took a catch at third slip. Chappell decided that the catches seemed to be going that way and swapped places with Border. It turned out to be a good move, and Chappell took three catches at second slip during the match to take the record.

 

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18 September 2017

 

I have reached a milestone in uploading the Test Match Online Database, with the uploading of the 1913-14 England tour of South Africa. This completes the pre-WWI Test matches and means that all Tests from 1877 to 1960 have been completed with as much data as I can easily muster.

 

Some upgrading of the 1920-1960 material will take place. For instance, I now have info on the locations of catches for about 97 per cent of catches. I am working on carrying this data through further and have reached 1984 (the first 1000 Tests). There is a gap to 1999 and from then on I have quite good data. I hope to continue the post-1960 uploading before long.

 

In the meantime I might polish up and upload a handful of first-class matches that I have re-scored ball-by-ball. The list is short but interesting and will include the following, if I can find them among my computer files –

 

-       Trumper 293 in three hours in 1914

-       Woolley 305 in 3.5 hours in 1912.

-       Macartney 345 in two sessions in 1921.

-       Bradman 452*.

-       Compton 300* in three hours in 1948-49.

-       Lara 501*.

*********

 

A question on Ask Steven got me thinking about the effect of no balls and wides on bowling averages. Historically, the counting of no balls and wides against bowling analyses has varied, from not at all before 1983, to a complete counting since 1998, even when runs are scored of the no ball. This has had an effect on bowlers’ averages; not a great effect, but for some bowlers there is a considerable change when it comes to rankings. This can be seen in the following table, which shows the best Test career bowling averages in the last 100 years. The shows the bowlers ‘official’ bowling average alongside the averages those bowlers would have obtained if their performances were counted according to pre-1983 protocols.

 

The biggest differences are recorded by relatively modern bowlers who bowled a lot of no balls, such as Wasim Akram and Sean Pollock. By deleting these runs conceded from no balls and wides, their averages improve. Wasim Akram, who bowled more no balls than any other bowler, actually gains 12 places on the all-time list.

 

Best Test bowling averages of the last 100 years, with no balls and wides not counted

(pre-1983 accounting)

Career End

W

Avge

Pre-1983 equiv Avge

Old Rank

New Rank

Change

MD Marshall

1991

376

20.95

19.98

3

1

+2

CEL Ambrose

2000

405

20.99

20.02

5

2

+3

J Garner

1987

259

20.98

20.27

4

3

+1

JH Wardle

1957

102

20.39

20.39

1

4

–3

AK Davidson

1963

186

20.53

20.53

2

5

–3

GD McGrath

2007

563

21.64

21.08

9

6

+3

NAT Adcock

1962

104

21.11

21.11

6

7

–1

JC Laker

1959

193

21.25

21.25

7

8

–1

FS Trueman

1965

307

21.58

21.58

8

9

–1

SM Pollock

2008

421

23.12

21.67

19

10

+9

DW Steyn

2016

417

22.31

21.70

12

11

+1

Wasim Akram

2002

414

23.62

21.71

24

12

+12

AA Donald

2002

330

22.25

21.86

10

13

–3

VD Philander

2017

171

22.46

21.86

13

14

–1

RJ Hadlee

1990

431

22.30

22.05

11

15

–4

M Muralitharan

2010

800

22.73

22.32

15

16

–1

WJ O'Reilly

1946

144

22.60

22.60

14

17

–3

Imran Khan

1992

362

22.81

22.71

16

18

–2

KR Miller

1956

170

22.98

22.98

17

19

–2

RR Lindwall

1960

228

23.03

23.03

18

20

–2

 

Minimum 100 Test wickets.

 

This is not necessarily a ‘fair’ adjustment. No balls and wides are the bowler’s fault of course, and should be counted against them. But this table does give a more level historical comparison. I find it interesting how tightly bunched the averages are, more so than the averages of batsmen.

 

Incidentally, I would expect that doing the operation in reverse, that is, counting pre-1983 bowlers by post-1998 counting, would have less effect on the original rankings, because the earlier bowlers in this list did not bowl a lot of no balls. Some benefited from the back-foot no ball rule prior to the late-60s.

 

It is a curious thing that, prior to the adjustment, Johnny Wardle, the English spinner, has the best average in the past 100 years. This is not something that many people would guess. Wardle was the ‘junior’ spinner to Jim Laker and in the 1950s was in and out of the England team, which also had periods of strongly favouring pace bowling. Wardle never played more than seven Tests in a row, played only 28 Tests in all, and barely qualifies with his 102 wickets. He tended to be selected when conditions favoured spin bowling, and that may be why his average is so exceptional.

 

 

********

 

Most ‘Total’ Test dismissal credits. Wickets + catches + run out credits.

 

M Muralitharan

849

SK Warne

815

A Kumble

653

GD McGrath

603

JM Anderson

592

MV Boucher

572

CA Walsh

551

IT Botham

504

N Kapil Dev

497

SM Pollock

492

JH Kallis

491

 

Caught & bowled count as only one each.

 

********

 

 

 

At Lahore in 1977, Geoff Cope, on Test debut, came as close to a hat-trick as it is possible to come without actually getting one. After Abdul Qadir and Sarfraz Nawaz were out, Iqbal Qasim edged Cope’s hat-trick ball to Brearley at slip, and the umpire upheld the appeal. Wild celebrations had already begun and Iqbal was heading for the pavilion when Brearley indicated that he thought the ball not carried to him, and recalled the batsman.

Cope only played three Tests, taking eight wickets in all.

Brearley was awarded an O.B.E a few days later. The events were probably not connected.

 

*******

 

Kapil Dev, 94 not out overnight at Delhi in 1978-79, reached his first Test century by hitting the first two balls of the day from Norbert Phillip for four and six. His century came off 101 balls.

 

********

 

The third day of the Karachi Test in 1980-81 was delayed 20 minutes because umpire Shakoor Rana had left his bag in the car that dropped him off at the ground.

 

********

 

At Sabina Park in 1981, Michael Holding had three batsmen caught and two catches dropped, all in the space of two overs.

 

********

 

At Banglaore in 1974-75, Alvin Kallicharran (124) was involved in ten partnerships in one innings even though he did not open. He came to the crease at 38/0 after Roy Fredericks retired hurt, and was last out. (Fredericks returned at 264/8 and was ninth out.)

 

********

 

 

 

7 September 2017

 

Here’s some data on the bowlers who bowled the fewest no balls and wides in Tests. Naturally, data on this subject is not complete, but with about 90% available, we can make some comparisons. About 80% is from scoresheets, the other 10% from published data.

 

Wherever possible, I have used the number of deliveries that were called no ball or wide, rather than the number of runs conceded, so a delivery that goes for four wides counts as only one. No balls that were scored from are also counted wherever possible. The data is something of a hybrid, in that even when no ball numbers are published, no balls scored from are not always. You need a full scoresheet for that; but make of this what you will.

 

There have been reports floating around the internet that bowlers like Kapil Dev and Michael Holding never bowled a no ball. These are nonsense. They bowled scores of no balls and wides, hundreds in the case of Kapil.

 

Zero Recorded No Balls and Wides in Test Career

Balls bowled

% coverage

CV Grimmett

14513

100%

HJ Tayfield

13568

98%

MH Mankad

14686

63%

S Venkataraghavan

14877

41%

 

While we can be pretty certain that Tayfield never bowled a no ball or wide, Mankad and Venkat are no so clear. Unfortunately, Indian sources for this sort of data are often weak.

 

Grimmett was already well known as a bowler who almost never strayed. In 1989, Greg McKie analysed Grimmett’s first-class career and found that he did not bowl any no balls at all among 50,000 deliveries. McKie found just five wides.

 

 

Wides but Zero No Balls in Test Career

Balls bowled

nb

wd

% coverage

GP Swann

15349

0

1

100%

FJ Titmus

15118

0

1

100%

R Ashwin

14440

0

2

100%

S Ramadhin

13939

0

3

70%

AL Valentine

12953

0

2

70%

MW Tate

12523

0

2

100%

JC Laker

12027

0

3

97%

 

Swann did record one no ball in ODIs, but it was called for having an illegal leg side field! Another bowler reputed to have never bowled a no ball was Lance Gibbs, but there is one in a scorebook from the 1965 series against Australia, and another reported from a Test in Pakistan in 1974-75. Tate, in addition to bowling no no balls, was never hit for six in a Test match, the longest such career.

 

 

No Balls but Zero Wides in Test Career

Balls bowled

nb

wd

% coverage

DL Underwood

21862

202

0

100%

JE Emburey

15391

33

0

100%

GAR Lock

13147

2

0

97%

Iqbal Qasim

13019

1

0

74%

 

Certainly an extraordinary contrast in no balls and wides from Underwood.

 

 

********

 

Maiden Over in the Final Over of an ODI (50 overs)

 

I don't have all matches, but I know of eight occasions. Two are in the first innings

AA Donald             SAf v Ban, Benoni 6-Oct-2002

CJ Anderson          NZ v SAf, Mt Maunganui 24-Oct-2014

 

The others were in the second innings

C Pringle                Aus v NZ, Hobart 18-Dec-1990

SK Warne              Aus v Pak, Colombo 7-Sep-1994

AJ Hall                   SAf v SL, Adelaide Oval 24-Jan-2006

RN ten Doeschate  Ber v Ned, Potchefstroom 8-Apr-2009

N Deonarine           WI v Zim, Grenada 22-Feb-2013

GJ Maxwell           Pak v Aus, Abu Dhabi 12-Oct-2014

 

In the overs by Warne, ten Doeschate, and Deonarine, the batting team had no chance of winning.

 

In the Pringle and Maxwell overs, the batting team needed only 2 runs to win and 1 to tie. Bruce Reid faced the Pringle over, and was unable to put bat to ball. In the Hall over, 11 runs were required.

 

********

 

 

 

 

Jerome Taylor's first first-class century was 106 in a Test match. His previous highest score was 40, and his first-class average prior to the century was 12.5. To date he has played over 50 non-Test first-class matches, and has still not made a score over 50. His first-class average outside Tests has dropped to 10.5.

 

Bruce Taylor of New Zealand scored a century in his first Test innings. It was only his fifth innings in first-class cricket and his previous best was 49.

 

Ian Healy scored four first-class centuries, all of them in Tests. He is the only player with more than 2, if I have calculated correctly.

 

********

 

At Auckland in 1977, Greg Chappell’s innings of 58 was interrupted when he was menaced by a streaker. Chappell attempted, apparently successfully, to hit the intruder on the backside with his bat. The incident appeared to distract Chappell, as he was run out off the very next ball.

 

Another snippet on early use of the reverse sweep: during that innings Chappell was described as playing a “back-handed” sweep.

 

********

 

 

22 August 2017

 

Dropped Catches Report 2016-17

 

I have surveyed more ball-by-ball texts for dropped catches and missed stumpings, covering the period Feb 2016 to April 2017. This extends the missed chance data to about 700 Tests going back to year 2000.

 

There was increase in the percentage of catches dropped in the recent data. The 2016-17 figure was 26.5% chances missed, about two percentage points higher than the average over the previous four years. However, the miss rate was very similar to other years, including 2003 and the four years from 2008 to 2011.

 

It is not entirely clear why the rate was higher this year. One factor is an increased number of Tests involving Zimbabwe (30% misses) and Bangladesh (32.2% misses) which drags the overall percentage upward. If it is apparent from their match results that Sri Lanka is in decline, this is also borne out in the catch stats; SL’s stats have increased from 25% misses in 2015 to 30% in 2016-17.

 

Unlike the all-country data, the combined average for Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and England is steady at 23%. South Africa recorded only 18% misses, one of the lowest single-year figures for any country since surveys began in 2000.

 

The recent figures reverse a slight historical improvement trend seen over the previous decade.

 

2008 to 2010

26.6%

2011

26.7%

2012

23.5%

2013

24.0%

2014

25.6%

2015 to Feb 2016

24.1%

Mar 2016 to Apr 2017

26.5%

 

Figures for individual countries in 2016-17 are

South Africa

18%

New Zealand

23%

Australia

24%

Pakistan

25%

England

27%

India

30%

Zimbabwe

30%

Sri Lanka

30%

West Indies

31%

Bangladesh

32%


Only four or five years ago, West Indies were around 20%.

 

On the individual front, Alistair Cook has overtaken MS Dhoni to claim the most career misses of any modern player. He has 70 misses to Dhoni’s 66; the latter is probably a career final, while Cook’s figures do not include the current England season. Rahul Dravid is one recent player who may have dropped more catches than Cook; I only have data for about 70% of his career; from that I would estimate about 75 misses in total.

 

Most expensive miss of the year occurred when Azhar Ali was 17 against West Indies at Dubai; he was missed by Leon Johnson in the gully, and went on to 302 not out. KK Nair, who against England made one run more, was missed on 34, 217 and 246. Steve Smith was missed four times in his 109 against Sri Lanka; the innings, under difficult conditions, was nevertheless rightly acclaimed.

 

Kane Williamson had an exceptional year in the field, taking 14 catches and dropping only one. Johnny Bairstow recorded the most misses, 15.

 

At the time of writing, Jimmy Anderson has probably become the first bowler in this century to have 100 catches dropped. I have 97 for him, but that does not include the current England season. Harbhajan Singh had more than 100, but some of those, an unknown number, occurred before 2000. Stuart Broad is not far behind Anderson. It will take further analysis.

A couple of weeks ago I noted a story from 1975 of Keith Fletcher taking five catches in a Test but dropping another five. The story comes from a single newspaper source and is hard to confirm. That set me looking for the fielder in my database who received the most chances in a Test (drops + catches). Among non-wicketkeepers, there were none who received nine or more. Several received eight, including Matthew Bell, Wellington 2008, who took four catches and dropped four. There is also AM Rahane, who took a record eight catches in a match in 2015, and dropped none.

Among keepers, Johnny Bairstow, Leeds 2016, received 11 chances and dropped two of them. We can’t really say that he would have taken 11 the match, though, because both misses were off Mendis in the same innings, so if Bairstow had taken the first chance, he would not have received the second.

The keeper’s record in a Test is 11, shared by AB de Villiers in 2013 and RC Russell in 1995. de Villiers did not drop any, and based on newspaper reports from 1995, neither did Russell.

 

 

********

 

I have posted pdf versions of a couple of articles by me that have appeared online in Cricket Monthly.

1) The Statistics of dropped catches in Tests, published October 2016.

2) “End-over” jitters, that is the effect of having to bat in the final overs of the day (very little as it turns out). March 2017.

 

 

SOME SNIPPETS FROM THE 1970s…

 

In the  final over of the drawn third Test of 1974-75, bowled by Tony Greig with Australia needing 14 runs to win, umpire Bailhache (officiating at point) called no ball on the grounds of three fielders behind square leg. According to reporters, three previous balls in the over had also been bowled with this (illegal) configuration, but not noticed by the umpires. There were six runs and one wicket off the over, and the match was drawn with Australia finishing on 238 for 8, eight runs short of victory. The penultimate over, bowled by Derek Underwood, had been an eight-ball maiden.

I remember the match, and a sense of increasing frustration that Australia did not attempt to win the match with three wickets in hand and only 14 runs needed off 16 balls.

 

*********

 

In the Test at Auckland in 1975, England’s Keith Fletcher took five ‘brilliant’ catches at slip according to The Times, but the Manchester Guardian reported that he dropped another five.

In that Test, Barry Wood had flown in from West Indies as a fill-in opener, the flight taking 63 hours, according to
Wisden. Wood was out to the to the first ball of the match.

 

********

 

In the Christchurch Test that followed, Barry Hadlee (12th man) fielded as a substitute, joining his brothers Dale and Richard on the field, while their father Walter watched from the stands. Barry never played in New Zealand’s first XI in A Test, although he played two ODIs for New Zealand alongside his brothers.

 

********

 

On the first day of the Kanpur Test of 1972-73, two thousand police were assigned to the ground. There were 30,000 spectators. There was supposed to be play on the following day, but it was a public holiday, and the police force could not find enough available officers, so it was declared a rest day.

 

********

 

In the Adelaide Test in 72-73, Talat Ali, on debut, suffered a broken hand in Pakistan’s first innings. He was the first batsman since Charles Bannerman to be listed as retired hurt in his first Test innings. He was not expected to bat again, but came out to bat in the second innings, late in the day, with Pakistan 214 for 9 and on the verge of an innings defeat. Holding the bat with one hand, he faced nine balls and forced play into the fifth day, but only thanks to a dropped catch by Ian Redpath on the very last ball of the fourth day.

 

What a finish that would have been if it had been a four-day Test!

 

The hoped-for rain did not arrive, and Talat was out in the second over next morning: 0 off 16 balls. A fourth-day photo shows him batting right-handed, but a report from the fifth day says he switched to left-handed. If so, he was the first known batsman to bat both ways in a Test innings, Salim Malik being the only other known case (see entry for 23 Oct 2016).

 

********

 

On the subject of ‘switch hitting’, one of the claimed inventors of the reverse sweep was Mushtaq Mohammad. Here’s some proof that he used the stroke in Tests – a quote from the Otago Daily Times during the Dunedin Test of 1972-73.

 

After tea, both batsmen produced as fine a hitting display as seen on Carisbrook in memory. Off the first four overs, 46 runs came from spinners Pollard and O’Sullivan with Mushtaq showing incredible footwork by switching from right-hand to left-hand during the flight of the ball to sweep boundaries.”

 

Mushtaq made 201 off 407 balls and his partnership with Asif Iqbal  (175 off 299) produced 350 runs off about 575 balls.

Other batsmen had played the reverse sweep before Mushtaq, but he almost certainly invented it independently.

 

The later stages of the partnership included 100 runs in the space of 37 minutes.

 

 

********

11 August 2017

 

Ashru Mitra has done a nice piece of research on Test umpires who, on their Test debuts, gave a batsman out, or saw a wicket fall, on their very first ball (at the bowler’s end). I had heard of Bill Alley and maybe one other, but I was a little surprised at the number of names that came up. Although, technically, all dismissals require a decision by an umpire, not all of these necessarily required an active decision.

 

Ashru has kindly allowed me to publish his findings here.

 

Debutant umpires giving dismissal verdict on the very first ball of the Test: A preparatory list

New Zealand v. England at Christchurch, 1932-33

Umpire Debut: Thomas Burgess and Richard Torrance

Both umpires were making their Test debuts. Which ends they took is not known but wickets fell on the first balls of both the first and second overs.

Batsman dismissed: Herbert Sutcliffe cwk James b Badcock

Batsman dismissed: E Paynter b HD Smith

 

Australia v. England at Brisbane, 1936-37
Umpire Debut: John Scott (Confirmed: His decision)

Batsman dismissed: Stanley Worthington cwk Oldfield b McCormick


West Indies v India at Port of Spain, 1970-71
Umpire Debut: Stuart Ishmael (Confirmed: His decision)
Batsman dismissed: Roy Fredericks b Abid Ali


England v India at Birmingham, 1974
Umpire Debut: WA Alley (Confirmed: His decision)
Batsman dismissed: Sunil Gavaskar cwk Knott b Arnold

India v West Indies at Calcutta, 1974-75
Umpire Debut: HP Sharma (Confirmed: His decision)
Batsman dismissed: Sudhir Naik cwk Murray b Roberts

 

West Indies v Bangladesh at Gros Islet, 2004
Umpire Debut: Jeremy Lloyds (Confirmed: His decision)
Batsman dismissed: Hannan Sarkar lbw b Collins

 

First ball of the second over of the match:

 

Australia vs England at Melbourne (5th), 1958-59

Umpire Debut: L Townsend (Confirmed: His decision)

Batsman dismissed: TE Bailey c Davidson b Lindwall

 

 

The following umpires were making their debuts when a wicket fell first ball, but the decision either fell to the other umpire or is not known:

 

Australia vs England at Sydney, 1903-04

Umpire Debut: AC Jones (Confirmed: Not his decision)

Batsman dismissed: VT Trumper c Foster b Arnold

 

South Africa vs England at Cape Town, 1922-23

Umpire Debut: GJ Thompson (No information available)
Batsman dismissed: GAL Hearne c Fender b Macaulay

 

West Indies v. Pakistan at Port of Spain, 1957-58
Umpire Debut: G Williams (Confirmed: Not his decision)
Batsman dismissed: Conrad Hunte c Hanif Mohammad b Fazal Mahmood

 

New Zealand v Australia at Auckland, 1973-74
Umpire Debut: WRC Gardiner
(No information available)
Batsman dismissed: KR Stackpole c Parker b RJ Hadlee

 

Pakistan vs West Indies at Karachi, 1990-91

Umpire Debut: Riazuddin (Confirmed: NOT his decision)

Batsman dismissed: CG Greenidge lbw b Waqar Younis

South Africa v India at Durban, 1992-93
Umpire Debut: Cyril Mitchley (Confirmed: Not his decision)
Batsman dismissed: Jimmy Cook c Tendulkar b Kapil Dev

 

Sri Lanka v West Indies at Pallekele, 2010-11

Umpire Debut: Bruce Oxenford (Confirmed: Not his decision)

Batsman dismissed: Chris Gayle lbw b Lakmal

 

********

 

In Tests, the practice of having another bowler complete an over, when a bowler was injured mid-over, seems to have started in 1981. At Kingston in that year, Graham Dilley was unable to complete an over, and Robin Jackman bowled the last two balls.

 

I can’t find any earlier cases in ODIs. Perhaps the need never came up.

 

********

 

A questioner on Ask Steven asked if there were completed first-class matches where no one made 50 and no one took five in an innings. I looked at the last few years and found (only) one: Badureliya Sports Club v Bloomfield Cricket and Athletic Club in 2014. The highest score was 45 and the best bowling was 4/17. It was an interesting scorecard: Bloomfield led by 2 runs on first innings and also won by 2 runs when both teams made 175 in the second innings.

 

********

 

 

The Oval Test of 1905 featured a strange set of high-scoring strokes. Joe Darling hit a six, but that was thanks to overthrows. He also cleared the boundary with another stroke, but that counted only five. Kelly and Hill hit similar strokes. Two batsmen, Hayward and Spooner, hit all-run fives without overthrows (the only Test where this happened twice), while Rhodes hit a five with overthrows.

In the previous Test at Old Trafford, Darling cleared the boundary five times, but they only counted four runs each. FS Jackson hit a similar stroke but was awarded five runs. There was one genuine six in the series (if my interpretation is correct), which was by Warwick Armstrong at Trent Bridge.

 

By this time, Australian (and South African) authorities were being more sensible and awarded six runs to all hits clearing the boundary. This did not come into universal use in England until 1912.

7 August 2017

 

‘Century in a session’ is a familiar record category. How about most runs in two consecutive sessions? Not so familiar, but here is a list. I did this calculation after Shikha Dhawan’s tour de force in Galle.

 

Most Runs in Two Consecutive Sessions (Test Matches)

263

WR Hammond

NZ v Eng, Auckland 1932/33

DAY 2-2

241

DCS Compton

Eng v Pak, Nottingham (Trent Bridge) 1954

DAY 2-2

231

V Sehwag

Ind v SL, Mumbai (Brabourne) 2009/10

DAY 2-3

220

DG Bradman

Eng v Aus, Leeds (Headingley) 1930

DAY 1-2

213

SJ McCabe

Eng v Aus, Nottingham (Trent Bridge) 1938

DAY 3-2

209

NJ Astle

NZ v Eng, Christchurch 2001/02

DAY 4-3

206

MJ Clarke

Aus v SAf, Adelaide Oval 2012/13

DAY 1-3

204

BA Stokes

SAf v Eng, Cape Town 2015/16

DAY 2-1

201

DG Bradman

Eng v Aus, The Oval 1934

DAY 1-3

199

JB Hobbs

Eng v SAf, Lord's 1924

DAY 2-2

199

V Sehwag

Ind v SAf, Chennai (Chepauk) 2007/08

DAY 3-3

197

VT Trumper

Aus v SAf, Adelaide Oval 1910/11

DAY 3-3

195

DG Bradman

Eng v Aus, Leeds (Headingley) 1934

DAY 2-3

195

ML Hayden

Aus v Zim, Perth (WACA) 2003/04

DAY 2-1

195

BB McCullum

NZ v SL, Christchurch (Hagley) 2014/15

DAY 1-3

190

CA Roach

WI v Eng, Georgetown, Guyana 1930

DAY 1-3

190

S Dhawan

SL v Ind, Galle 2017

DAY 1-2

185

WR Hammond

NZ v Eng, Christchurch 1932/33

DAY 1-3

185

S Dhawan

Ind v Aus, Mohali 2012/13

DAY 3-3

184

DA Warner

Aus v NZ, Perth (WACA) 2015/16

DAY 1-3

181

DG Bradman

Aus v Ind, Adelaide Oval 1947/48

DAY 1-3

181

KK Nair

Ind v Eng, Chennai (Chepauk) 2016/17

DAY 4-3

180

FMM Worrell

Eng v WI, Nottingham (Trent Bridge) 1950

DAY 2-3

180

JB Hobbs

SAf v Eng, Cape Town 1909/10

DAY 1-2

 

Where a player qualifies twice for the same innings, the higher value only is listed. Dhawan’s 190 is the highest innings to be contained entirely within two sessions. His 126 between lunch and tea is a record for the first day, and the third-highest between lunch and tea on any day, after the 173 by Compton and 150 (or 151 or 152) by Hammond.

 

Of course, the old-timers had the advantage of higher over rates, and so comparisons must be considered with that in mind, but they did also play with much inferior bats and on larger grounds.

 

 

 

 

Five wickets in fewest balls in an ODI, where known

 

11 balls        J Garner, WI v Eng, Lord’s 23-Jun-1979 (World Cup                      Final)

11                 ACI Lock, Zim v NZ, Napier 3-Feb-1996

11                 Shoaib Akhtar, Pak v NZ, Auckland 18-Feb-2001

12                 Mohammad Sami, Pak v NZ, Lahore 1-Dec-2003

12                 M Morkel, SAf v NZ, Napier 29-Feb-2012

 

Zahoor Khan took six wickets in 15 balls, Dubai 2-Mar-2017.

KAJ Roach took 5 wickets in 9 balls, over 2 games in 2011.

B Lee took 8 wickets in 27 balls, over 2 games in 2003.

19 July 2017

 

I wrote an article on the statistics of DRS a while back, which was published online by Cricket Monthly. I have posted it in my longer articles section here.

 

A Note on Score Reconstruction

 

I have been including, in the database for pre-1915 Tests, ball-by-ball reconstructions for certain innings and/or matches, made in the absence of complete scorebooks. I just wanted to make some points clear about this process, especially as the Database approaches the 1902 Tests played by Australia in England and South Africa.

 

It is a great misfortune that no scorebooks are known to exist for these matches. However, greater resources are becoming available in terms of match reports in newspapers, to the extent that it is possible to construct over-by-over (sometimes ball-by-ball) versions of some innings, particularly those that involve rapid scoring or frequent falls of wickets. The British Newspaper Archive now boasts dozens of titles, available in full and online, for the year 1902. In addition to this I have accessed, from libraries, copies of other newspapers that are not in this Archive. These reports vary in detail, but when distilled together, and taken with information from other sources (such as a partial score available for the Old Trafford Test), it makes possible a ‘best rendering’ of important innings that in turn allow estimates of balls faced and other important statistics.

 

This has also been done for the series in South Africa. Although sources are fewer, the South African papers of the time often used a strictly narrative style (old-fashioned at the time) of reporting that mentions almost all scoring shots in sequence. Australian papers prior to 1894 often used the same style; after that, a more interpretive style of reporting came into vogue that makes it much harder to reconstruct innings statistically.

 

Three points:

1) Even with combined sources, gaps occur that must be filled using educated interpolation,

2) The sources sometimes conflict.

3) It is not always possible to come up with a sequence of overs that is perfectly consistent with every source.

 

Generally, however, the broad structure of innings are clear (who was bowling when, and in which overs wickets fell), and many of the scoring details can be accurately placed. It is just certain passages of play that must be filled in. Periods of slow play with occasional singles and maidens are particularly difficult; by the same token, they are often not important. Some other detail from the sources can assist, such as the reporting of the number of ones, twos, threes and fours for major innings, and this can be found in certain sources.

 

I hope that the reconstructions can be accepted in this spirit; that they are not exact, but offer a useful guide to the progress of certain important innings and matches.

 

There are more sources out there, unexamined: perhaps others can take up the challenge of tracking more of them down. For instance, Gerald Brodribb gives a ball-by-ball list of Gilbert Jessop’s famous 104 at the Oval, but does not name his (newspaper) source. Having looked at dozens of potential sources, I have yet to find this.

 

So don’t fret over potential errors: improve on it if you can!

 

 

********

 

A question on Ask Steven had me looking for bowlers who took wickets with their last two balls in Tests. The only ones that I found were Gerry Hazlitt (Australia) in 1912 and Godfrey Lawrence (South Africa) in 1962. Current players were not considered.

 

Hazlitt, who only took 23 wickets in Tests, took 5 for 1 off his last 17 balls at the Oval in 1912.

 

Lawrence took just 28 wickets in Tests. His last two were the 8th and 9th of New Zealand’s second innings at Port Elizabeth in 1961/62. Peter Pollock then took a wicket with the first ball of the next over to finish the innings and complete a rare 'team hat-trick': three wickets in three balls by two different bowlers.

 

That said, I thought I would re-visit these ‘team hat-tricks’, which I reported on in 2012. The only ones I know of are listed below, followed by a few other cases where three wickets fell in the space of three balls, but no hat-trick occurred. They are rare indeed and getting rarer: it appears that it has never happened in Australia, or India. The most extraordinary thing is that Godfrey Lawrence was involved in two, and in consecutive Tests. This is one of the strangest coincidences that I have seen in cricket statistics.

 

Three wickets in three balls, by two different bowlers

 

Eng v WI, Leeds (Headingley) 1957

Wicket on last ball of over (Trueman) followed by hat-trick by Loader - four wickets in four balls.

SAf v NZ, Johannesburg (Wanderers) 1961/62

On a score of 150, two wickets by Godfrey Lawrence (Ov 45.5 & 45.6), followed by a wicket to HR Lance (46.1)

SAf v NZ, Port Elizabeth 1961/62

Last three wickets: two to Godfrey Lawrence (82.5 & 82.6) and one to Peter Pollock (83.1)

NZ v Pak, Wellington 1964/65

Last 3 wickets on a score of 266, one wicket to Asif Iqbal (113.6) and two to Arif Butt (114.1 & 114.2). Asif also took a wicket at 113.4: four wickets in five balls.

Pak v WI, Faisalabad 1990/91

Wickets on 146, at 35.5 and 35.6 (run out) bowled by Marshall. Then a wicket to Ambrose at 36.1.

SAf v Ind, Durban (Kingsmead) 1996/97

On 74, a wicket to McMillan (29.6), then two to Allan Donald (30.1 & 30.2).

SAf v Pak, Cape Town 2012/13

On 152, a wicket to Peterson (64.6), then two to Vernon Philander (65.1 & 65.2)

Other unusual cases

Eng v Aus, Manchester (Old Trafford) 1888

One bowler (Lohmann): Run out, W ,W (8th Over)

Eng v Ind, Birmingham (Edgbaston) 1974

Two Test matches: Chris Old took wickets with the last two balls at Lord's and Geoff Arnold took a wicket with the first ball at Edgbaston.

Eng v WI, Manchester (Old Trafford) 1980

On a score of 142, 3 wickets in 3 balls in an over by Garner, the first a run out.

Ind v SL, Mumbai (Wankhede) 1997/98 (uncertain)

One bowler (Dharmasena): W, run out, W, on a score of 181.

 

********

 

 

 

10 July 2017

 

I have been successfully convalescing after major surgery, and while doing so I have been able to keep up with updates to my Online Database. The data update is now complete for Tests in the 19th Century. Once I finish 1900 to 1914 the database will be complete up to 1960. The next step would be to refine and update some of the Test data from 1920 to 1939.

 

********

 

Slowest 50s in ODIs (balls faced)

 

148

I Maraj (53 off 155)

Canada v South Africa, East London 27-Feb-2003

143

Javed Miandad (63 off 167)

Pakistan v Australia, Perth 1-Jan-1989

131

RJ Shastri (63 off 148)

India v Pakistan, Melbourne (MCG) 10-Mar-1985

~130?

DN Chudasama (51 off 135)

Kenya v Pakistan, Nairobi (Aga Khan SC) 2-Oct-1996

~125?

GR Marsh (54 off 131)

Australia v England, Hyderabad (Ind - LBSS) 19-Oct-1989

50-over matches only

 

********

 

Most ‘Dismissals’ by no balls since 2000 – an updated list (bowlers).

 

M Morkel

11

I Sharma

10

KAJ Roach

10

B Lee

9

Z Khan

7

Wahab Riaz

6

 

The most runs scored after a no ball 'dismissal', recorded since 2001, is 279 by Kumar Sangakkara (287) in Colombo in 2006. He was bowled by a Dale Steyn no ball on 8. A catch was dropped in the same over. The next wicket fell 603 runs later.

 

Chris Gayle (333) was caught off a no ball when on 287, at Galle in 2010.

 

Earlier this year at Galle, Kusal Mendis was caught first ball off a no ball, and went on to make 194.

 

At Wellington in 2016, Adam Voges, on 7, was bowled by a no ball from Doug Bracewell. Replays showed that the umpire erred, and that the ball was legal. Voges went on to make 239.

 

The leading beneficiaries among batsmen are Rahul Dravid on 7, with Michael Clarke, Virender Sehwag and Alistair Cook on 5. Although he has benefited only twice, Sangakkara has added the most runs after his ‘dismissals’ with 326, followed by Kevin Pietersen on 323 (three innings) and Michael Clarke on 295.

 

 

I recently came across a note, in a linear score, of Len Hutton being caught off a no ball (by Bill O'Reilly) during his 364 at The Oval in 1938. Hutton was on 153 at the time.

 

This is not really the same thing as modern instances, because under the back-foot rule, the batsman had time to change his shot after the no ball call. Hutton was, in effect, taking a 'free hit' which was caught in the deep. He scored one run.

 

 

 

6 May 2017

 

I have embarked on an effort to expand the Davis Test Match Database Online, to cover Tests from the beginning in 1877, up to 1914 (1920-1960 is already online).

 

A covering page for the early Test series is here. The match scoresheets have a new feature, in that the fielding locations of nearly all catches are specified, using ‘shorthand’ notation of “sl” (slip), “wk” (wicketkeeper), “mn” (mid-on) etc. Each series cover page has a full key to the notation used.

 

Ball-by-ball records of Tests have been posted, where possible. In the case of most very early Tests, these are not derived from scorebooks, but are reconstructions based on the very detailed reports in some newspapers of the time, which often mention the events of every over if not quite every ball. As such, there are inevitably some approximations and anomalies, and readers should bear in mind that complete precision is not possible in such cases. Balls faced data from these reconstructions should be regarded as indicative only. I hope that they can be regarded as useful, nevertheless.

 

In some Tests of the 1890s and later 1880s, I have been able to reconstruct only parts of the matches, but I will post these fragments anyway, since they usually relate to interesting parts of Tests.

 

I will endeavour to update the Database when I can; however, impending health problems may reduce the rate of updating of the Database, and the blog, for the foreseeable future.

 

 

********

 

For something completely different, I have started writing reminiscences from some of my travels over the years. The stories are spiced up with photos from those travels. I have posted a story, of a journey from China to Pakistan along the old Silk Road and the Karakoram Highway in 1989, in two parts. Part 1 is here and Part 2 is here. An account of the joys of ‘Hard Seat Class’ on Chinese trains is here.

 

 

 

The first ball faced by Bob Willis in Test cricket was a hat-trick ball (Perth 1971, bowled by John Gleeson). I was surprised to find that this is not particularly uncommon, with a few dozen cases.

 

22 April 2017

 

The LBW Miser

 

It’s somewhat notorious but also true: in the six Tests of the 1970-71 Ashes series, not a single Australian batsman was given out leg before wicket. The umpires involved were Lou Rowan and Tom Brooks (five Tests each) and Max O’Connell (two Tests).

 

These men did see their way clear to give five Englishmen out lbw (itself a very small number) in that series. I have been able to determine which umpires gave the decisions. Three of them were given by Rowan, one by O’Connell, and just the one (in five Tests!) by Brooks. The rather unfortunate batsman was John Hampshire, given out at Adelaide, just before a declaration when England was chasing quick runs.

 

I do recall my father talking about Tom Brooks. Dad was a first grade umpire in Sydney the 1970s when Brooks was the dominant figure in umpiring there. Brooks, Dad told me, was adamant that the conditions for lbw were extremely hard to satisfy, and that lbw decisions should be rare. I don’t think Dad actually agreed with this, and modern-day DRS data shows conclusively that Brooks’ opinion was incorrect.

 

Rowan was a police Sergeant. He was, I am told, also a man of unswerving opinions, with great confidence in his own judgement. I suppose that helps if you want to be a top-flight umpire.

 

With only one lbw decision against them, the Englishmen could hardly accuse Brooks of bias, I suppose. They were troubled, though, by the umpires intervening to apply restrictions on intimidatory bowling, in a way that they saw as being unfair to star fast bowler John Snow.

 

I happened to be at the SCG on the day that Snow hit Terry Jenner on the head with a bouncer; it is just about my earliest ‘live’ memory of a major event on the cricket field. Jenner retired hurt, although he was able to bat again later. Rowan stepped in and warned Snow about bowling bouncers, arguably unfairly under the guidelines of the time. It was arguable enough for England captain Ray Illingworth to get into a shouting match with Rowan. Shortly afterward, Snow was accosted by a drunken spectator, and England stormed off in protest. With the Ashes at stake, cooler heads prevailed and the match continued. England won the match and the Ashes.

 

It was a rugged series. Here is a photo of Graham McKenzie’s last ball in Test cricket. Hit on the face by a good length ball from Snow and retired hurt. That was “Blow Number One” as the photo says. Blow Number Two was delivered by the selectors, who obligingly told McKenzie, that very evening while he was convalescing, that he was dropped from the team.

 

I don’t know if it was a fashion at the time, but there were also only five batsmen given out lbw in the six Tests of the subsequent 1971 season in England. Only two of the five were English. Something seems to have happened between then and the 1972 Ashes series, in which 27 batsmen were given out lbw in five Tests.

 

Did Brooks relax his views? In the 1974/75 Ashes, he stood in all six Tests. He gave nine batsmen out lbw, six of them Australian, including two ducks for Wally Edwards, who would later become Cricket Australia chairman. The other umpire, Robin Bailhache, gave six lbws, two of them Australian batsmen.

 

 

*******

 

 

 

 

 

I have notes on 46 instances in Tests of a batsman being run out ‘accidentally’ at the non-strikers end, when a shot ricocheted off the bowler. No batsman has been out this way twice. However, there are two batsmen who, as striker, twice saw their partners run out this way, VVS Laxman and SV Carlisle. In Laxman's case, Harbhajan Singh was run out at Mohali in 2003, and Dravid was run out at Kanpur in 2009. In the Dravid incident, the ricochet was a dropped catch by Herath off Laxman.

 

In Carlisle's case, the batsmen run out were Ebrahim at Bulawayo in 2001, and Taylor at Harare in 2005.

 

It is possible, though unlikely, that there are others.

 

********

 

Hugh Tayfield took a catch off the second ball of his debut Test, and Ian Chappell took one off the third ball of his.

 

A substitute named Chris Sabburg took a catch off his second ball on the field in a Test a few years ago. Sabburg has not yet played first-class cricket, although he has appeared in the BBL.

 

There has been at least one umpire who was required to give a batsman out caught behind from his first ball in Test cricket (HP Sharma in India in 1974-75, I think).

********

Hutton in his 364 in 1938 faced 648 deliveries from which he did not score, although there were runs from 10 of those (byes, leg byes, no balls).

 

This was probably exceeded by Hanif in 1958, but there is no data available. Alec Bannerman failed to score off 568 out of 620 balls faced at the SCG in 1891/92. He scored only 91 runs.

 

********

 

The list of non-Test players who scored most first-class runs is dominated by England county cricketers (not all of them English), led by Alan Jones. So I wondered who hit the most f-c runs among those who never played in England. The database came up with Sajid Ali who hit 15,368 f-c runs. Ali played no Tests; however, he did play ODIs for Pakistan. The player with most f-c runs without ever appearing for his country or playing in England appears to be Amol Muzumdar with 11,167 runs in 171 matches.

 

********

 

In the Ranchi Test against Australia, Cheteshwar Pujara became the first Indian batsman to officially face more than 500 balls in a Test innings (202 off 525 balls, batting for 162 overs). As a first, this is actually quite odd, since more than 60 batsmen from other countries have played innings longer than 500 balls.

 

However, it is likely that Pujara has at least one Indian predecessor. At Port of Spain in 1952, Midhav Apte batted for 200 overs for 163. With half the strike, that would come to 600 balls.

 

I  don’t have a balls faced figure for Apte, but the odds of someone batting for 200 overs but facing less than 500 (or 525) balls are extremely small. The standard deviation for balls faced for an individual batsman over a span of 200 overs is about 25 balls. There is a greater than 99% chance that Apte faced more balls than Pujara. 

 

********

 

 

 

30 March 2017

 

Ogdontaeptaphobia* explained?

 

There is a tenacious myth in Australian cricket: the ‘87 hoodoo’, that holds that a score of 87 is somehow unlucky. Tenacious yet tenuous. The myth has long been debunked – in fact it is the safest score in the 80s for Australian batsmen – but the story still crops up regularly during idle moments in Test matches.

 

The origins of the myth are somewhat obscure. The most accepted line is that Keith Miller originated it; the story is here. Miller says he formed the idea on seeing Bradman dismissed for 87 in 1929. Personally I have been a bit sceptical. Miller was prone to spinning tall tales, and the claim that he would originate such an idea at age ten sounds fanciful. Note how he glides over the difficulty of Bradman not actually being dismissed for 87 (“the scoreboard was slow”: if you say so, Keith. In fact, Bradman was 85 at lunch and went from 85 to 89 with a four, so it seems unlikely that the scoreboard would ever have read 87).

 

Anyway, I have come across an item that sheds light on the origins of the hoodoo. From the Sporting Globe in 1950, it is an anecdote from a club match (albeit one involving Test players) and it sets out the superstition as explained by Test spinner Ian Johnson. Johnson said that his 87 anxiety came from the previous season’s Australian tour of South Africa, where, Johnson said, wickets seemed to fall frequently on a score of 87. Curiously, the report applies the hoodoo more to team scores than individual scores.

 

There are some interesting aspects to the report. For one thing, the reporter hasn’t heard of the hoodoo and has to have it explained to him. This suggests that the hoodoo was a new thing in 1950. For another, Johnson is quite clear about it originating on that tour, and offers the interesting detail about the team avoiding hotel rooms numbered 87. Gideon Haigh, in The Summer Game, has something to add here. Early in the tour, reports Haigh, Bill Johnston was seriously injured in a car accident in Natal: he had been staying in Room 87 in the team’s hotel.

 

The next morning, on the first day of first-class cricket on the tour, star batsman Neil Harvey was out on a (team) score of 87. [I checked and found that there was nothing ‘unlucky’ about 87 on that 1949-50 tour. Just four wickets fell on 87 in the entire tour, none of them in Tests and only two involving Australian batsmen: by contrast, eight wickets fell on a score of 84, but no one seemed to be worried by that.]

 

The combination of Johnston’s room number and Harvey’s dismissal may have been just enough to give impetus to the superstition. Since Miller was on the tour, one could imagine him being the instigator, and perhaps reviving an earlier superstition of his. One problem with this, however, is that Miller was not in South Africa at that time: he was only selected as a result Johnston’s injury (a selection saga that is a whole other story) and it took him weeks to travel to South Africa. It certainly seems that the myth took hold without him.

 

However, Miller, Johnson, and Lyndsay Hassett all played for South Melbourne club (the same club mentioned in the Sporting Globe report) in the late 1930s and just after the war, before Miller moved to New South Wales. An article in The Age in 2007 mentions a South Melbourne connection to the hoodoo, as does the Arunabha Sengupta article linked to earlier. So in spite of my scepticism, signs still might point towards Miller; one hypothesis would be that the myth was just a South Melbourne club ‘thing’ (started by Miller, perhaps in the 1930s), until its elevation to Tests was sparked by the ‘87’ events in Durban (instigated by Johnson and possibly Hassett).

 

I have found nothing else on the hoodoo in the NLA Trove database from 1945 onwards. Others might like to have a look.

 

Ken Piesse tells me that Miller told him that the whole thing was “sheer bunkum”; I’m not sure if Miller was talking about the hoodoo itself, or the origin story.

 

In the past I have heard claims that Ken Mackay originated the belief. Mackay was known for his superstitions, but the 1950 report rules Slasher out. Mackay did write an article on cricket superstitions, published in 1964 in Jack Pollard’s Six and Out; this article discusses the 87 hoodoo in some detail, proving that the idea was widespread in Australia at that time. (Even so, newspaper accounts of Brian Booth’s 87 against South Africa at the SCG in 1964 do not mention any hoodoo.) However, Mackay said he did not know the hoodoo’s origins, and he does not mention Miller in his article.

 

 

*Ogdontaeptaphobia is a word I made up using the Greek words for eighty seven.

 

Postscript: Miller, Johnson, Hassett, Harvey, and Johnston were all from Victoria.

 

 

********

 

I noticed, from an Aslam Siddiqui post, that Cricinfo was missing a ball-by-ball text of an ODI, Zimbabwe v Afghanistan in 2014. As it happened, Cricbuzz covered this match and a couple of others that Cricinfo missed in 2012. Using those gives complete ball-by-ball for the last 650+ ODIs, since 2011.

 

However, prior to that, data is not complete. Although Cricinfo started doing ball-by-ball in 1999, more that 15% of ODIs are missing from 1999 to 2011. The great majority of these are what might be called 'minnow matches'; the gaps are bigger in the earlier years.

 

My collection of ODI scores covers about 50% of ODIs from 1985 to 1999, and a small number of earlier ones. So far, I have re-scored about 300 out the 550 or so obtained from 1985-99. (I do one each day, last thing before I got to bed: most can be done 20-30 minutes.)

 

There was a curious incident in that Zim/Afg game in 2014: an instance of '6 wides'. No other information is given. However, the batsmen changed ends, so I presume that they ran one and there were four overthrows.

There are no other cases of six wides in my database of ODIs and T20 internationals. There is just one in a Test, which involved a helmet penalty and the batsmen did not change ends.

 

 

********

 

UPDATE on the history of streaking: Sreeram has now posted an article on the subject with more information. Published on the Cricket Country website.

 

 

 

 

In an ODI at the MCG in January 1995, Darren Gough opened the bowling for England, but injured himself in the delivery stride of his first ball and did not deliver a ball in the game. Angus Fraser bowled the over and Gough is not listed as a bowler. Gough was taken to hospital with a stress fracture in his foot.

 

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On the subject of unfortunate first overs, at Adelaide in 1969 opening bowler Charlie Griffith conceded 19 runs off his first over. It was an eight-ball over that also contained four no balls. The runs off the bat were all hit by Keith Stackpole. The over was the second of the innings, Sobers having bowled the first. The most runs off the first over of an innings, where known, is 18 hit by Bob Simpson off Wes Hall at the MCG in 1961.

 

********

 

In the final innings of the Bombay Test of 1969, India managed to drop (or miss) five catches off the New Zealand batsmen; in spite of this, all ten wickets fell to catches, and New Zealand, chasing only 188, lost the Test by 60 runs.

 

********

 

In the Galle Test between Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, Kusal Mendis was caught off a no ball, first ball, and went on to make 194. It is quite unusual for anyone to be 'out' to a no ball when on 0. I know of 14 cases since 1999, but only one batsman went on to make more than 32. That was Hasan Raja (68) at Sharjah in 2002.

 

Only two previous batsmen were 'out' to a no ball first ball and neither reached double figures.

 

Data is limited to 1999-2016.

 

********

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 March 2017

 

For something completely different…

 

The origins of ‘streaking’ at sporting events go back to about 1974. According to Wikipedia, instances at US colleges dated back to the 1960s; it became a major fad in colleges in 1973, and began to be seen at major sporting events the following year. Wikipedia puts the first streak at a major sports event at April 1974, but Sreeram has found reports of a streaker on the field at a Test match in March of that year. It was the Auckland Test on 22 March 1974; there was a streaker on the first day, followed by another on the second day. The culprits disappeared into the crowd and are unidentified. The New Zealand Herald mentions them in only a backhanded way, commenting that the final day was “for once streakerless”.

 

Searching the Canberra Times for the word ‘streaker’ comes up with no real hits before March 1974, but it does mention the first incident in Auckland, in its report from the first day. The same paper appears to have no reports of streakers from the 1973-74 Australian season. The Times also lacks hits until March 1974, and even then it only mentions incidents unrelated to sporting events. The first streak at Lord’s was in 1975.

 

Nowadays the fad has largely disappeared at cricket grounds, thanks to intense security at sports fields, and (in Australia) massive fines for setting foot on the playing surface.

 

I noticed something else quite rare about that first Auckland day. Doug Walters scored 104 not out on a day when 18 wickets fell, seven of them ducks. Australia was bowled out for 221 with New Zealand 85 for 8 at stumps. This is the most wickets to fall on a day containing a complete individual century in the last 100 years. Apart from Walters, the batsmen batting that day averaged 10.1.

In 1912 at Old Trafford, Aubrey Faulkner scored 122 on a day when 19 wickets fell. That was the day that TJ Matthews took his two hat tricks.

 

********

 

In my files, I have come across a hand-written note by Colin Clowes on those hat-tricks by Matthews, with some detail that might not have been published before.

The first hat-trick came in Matthews’ 12th over, with Beaumont and Faulkner batting. The over sequence was 1, 0, 1, W, W, W, with the hat-trick consisting of Beamont (31), Pegler and Ward.

 

The second came in Matthews’ 7th over of the second innings with the score on 70 for 5: W, W, W, 0, 4, 4. The wickets were Taylor, Schwarz and Ward, with the runs scored by Beaumont. Kelleway, bowling at the other end, had taken a wicket in the previous over, and took another wicket (the 9th of the innings) in the next over after the hat-trick (a maiden). Matthews’ 8th and last over was 2, 3, 0, 4, 0, 0, at which point he was taken off. The hat-trick appears to have occurred in the 24th over of the innings. South Africa was out for 95, in 95 minutes, in the 29th over of the innings, Kelleway taking the final wickets. In playing time, the hat-tricks were about 85 minutes apart.

 

Five wickets fell in three overs; the exact number of balls from first to last is not recorded. I’m not sure what possessed the captain to elevate Ward in the second innings batting order, so as to face another hat-trick ball.

Matthews’ second hat-trick over, containing 8 runs, appears to be the most expensive over to contain a full hat-trick, although it was equalled by Wasim Akram’s hat-trick at Lahore in 1998/99.

 

 

********

 

Here is an article by me, just published in the Cricket Monthly, on the “end-over” jitters, that is the effect of having to bat in the final overs of the day (very little as it turns out). There is a curious comment under it by a cricket captain who basically says “I don’t care what the stats say, it feels good so I will keep doing it.” It’s rather difficult to reason with that.

 

At some stage I will also post the article on my website.

 

 

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I have completed another stage of a survey of Test match catches, identifying the field locations of as many catches as possible. The years covered in this part of the survey are 1877 to 1970 (670 Tests), with locations identified for more than ten thousand catches. Wicketkeeper and bowlers, of course, are easy, but not so the others. Nevertheless, locations have been found for about 96% of catches in this period. There are only two series for which I have almost no data: MCC in West Indies in 1929-30 and New Zealand in Pakistan in 1969-70.

 

One complication has been the evolving names for fielding locations, and it is difficult to be certain about some old terminology. For example, ‘cover slip’. According “The Language of Cricket” (Eddowes), this is an old name for third man, but some old reports mention fielders in both positions in describing field settings, suggesting that they were different things.

 

The term ‘midwicket’ was not encountered until 1931, and did not become used widely for a few years after that. It seems that previously ‘short leg’ was used instead, with other terms for what we would call short leg now. The nomenclature going around the legside field was mid-on, then short leg (midwicket), then square leg, and then long leg. ‘Fine leg’ was mostly a later term.

 

The term ‘cover’ seems to have originated as a covering or backup fielder for the point fielder. Before 1945, ‘cover point’ was the almost universal term. ‘Cover’ or ‘the covers’ as standalone terms came later.

 

 

********

 

 

 

 

 

During the rest day of the Bridgetown Test of 1977, Pakistan players Zaheer Abbas and Wasim Bari were rescued from drowning, by life guard Aldolphus Griffith, while attempting to swim back to their hotel from a raft that had drifted out to sea. Zaheer was not actually playing in the Test, but Bari was. The following day, Bari, batting at #11, scored a match-saving 60 not out, adding 133 for the last wicket with Wasim Raja.

 

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In the second Test of 1953-54 (South Africa v New Zealand), John Reid broke his bat playing a shot and was out caught at short fine leg.

 

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Abdul Azeem, who played first-class cricket in India in the 1980s, had a complete career of 114 innings but made no ducks at all. He did, however, make a couple of ducks in List A cricket.

 

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At Bombay in 1956, Neil Harvey should have been caught on 99, but the fielder failed to move to the ball. Harvey then took another half an hour to reach his century. The number of balls he faced is not recorded.

 

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A piece of umpiring trivia. The first time that Australian umpires were permitted to take the field without coats was the Adelaide Test of 1967-68 (v India). Reason: extremely hot weather. They still had to wear ties.

 

 

21 February 2017

 

 

The Odd Fields of the Early Days

 

Here is a little bit of data that suggests that the game was played rather differently in the very early days. In the reports in The Times for Tests in 1888 and 1893, there is a listing of the field placings deployed at the beginnings of some innings. There are lists for 14 separate innings/bowlers; all of them apply to the first one or two overs of an innings. While hardly exhaustive, there is enough data to tabulate to give a taste of how fields were set in those days.

 

Use of field placings: 14 examples 1888-1893. Field place names have been converted into modern parlance where I can be confident of the translation.

 

slip

14

‘extra’ slip

4

‘cover' slip

1

third man

14

point

14

cover

15

midoff1

14

midoff2

10

long-off

8

straight hit

2

mid-on

12

long-on

11

midwicket

1

square leg

1

fine leg

1

 

The number 14 generally means that the position was used in every case. There are 15 ‘cover’ fieldsmen (always referred to as ‘cover-point’ in those days) because there two cover fielders listed in one innings, and one in all the others.

                                                               

The most striking thing, though, is the massive concentration of fielders from mid-off to mid-on. Some innings featured two mid-offs, a long-off, a mid-on and a long-on. (In a small number of cases, positions were referred to as ‘short’ mid-off or mid-on). If I have interpreted the accounts correctly, fielders between what we call midwicket to fine leg were, by contrast, extremely sparse. Remember that these are opening bowlers in their first over.

 

I have illustrated two fields given for the opening overs of Old Trafford 1893. There is a remarkable contrast between field settings for the opening bowlers Arthur Mold and Johnny Briggs.

 

 

image002

 

The Mold field is the only one of the 14 that resembles a modern field setting for an opening bowler; even so, it would be considered somewhat defensive for a modern Test match. It is the only field with a third slip (called ‘cover slip’, while second slip was ‘extra slip’). As for the Briggs field, I can’t say I have personally seen anything quite like it. Long-off, straight hit, and long-on for the opening over, plus mid-off and mid-on? That is what it says in The Times.

 

There was method in those field settings that suggests that they were set because the range of shots of batsmen was more restricted. I am still preparing data on this, but a lot of batsmen were out caught between mid-off/mid-on in those days.

 

Note some caveats: the exact positions, or ranges, of ‘point’ and ‘third man’, as used on those days, are possibly open to interpretation. ‘Midwicket’ did not exist as a named position: ‘short leg’ is sometimes used in reports instead, but does not mean a close-in fielder. ‘Gully’ did not exist as a named position; there is a possibility that some point fielders fielded there.

 

 

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The following players had a six as the first scoring shot of their careers in Tests

 

Batsman      

EW Freeman          Aus v Ind, Brisbane ('Gabba') 1967/68

CA Best                  WI v Eng, Kingston, Jamaica 1986

KM Dabengwa       Zim v NZ, Bulawayo (Queen's) 2005

DM Richards         WI v Ban, Arnos Vale, St. Vincent 2009

Jahurul Islam         Ban v Eng, Mirpur 2009/10

Shafiul Islam          Ban v Ind, Chittagong 2009/10

Al-Amin Hossain   Ban v SL, Dhaka (Mirpur) 2013/14

MD Craig               WI v NZ, Kingston, Jamaica 2014

DM de Silva           SL v Aus, Pallekele 2016

Kamrul Islam         Ban v Eng, Dhaka (Mirpur) 2016/17

 

Craig is the only one to do so first ball; Freemen did so second ball, by hitting the ball out of the ground. The Bangladeshis, apart from Shafiul, did not do this in their first Test innings; all made ducks before hitting their first runs.

 

The frequency of recent cases shows how debased the hitting aspect of cricket has become, due to smaller grounds and bigger bats.

 

 

 

 

At Trinidad in 1948, umpire Henderson had to be escorted off the field by police at the end of the third day, after an unpopular decision to give Frank Worrell out caught behind on 97. Journalists in the press box thought the decision a fair one.

 

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The Times reported in 1949 that on the second day of the Test at the Oval, Godfrey Evans hit a five, all run and without overthrows, off GF Creswell. I also came across a report of Graeme Hole hitting such a five, to the long boundary at the Adelaide Oval in 1951, on the day that 22 wickets fell (all the fielders were clustered around the wicket). This brings to 13 the number of known cases,  five of them at The Oval and three at Adelaide.

 

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At Lord’s in 1950, Clyde Walcott kept wickets in England’s first innings but opened the bowling in the second innings, with Robert Christiani filling in as glove man.

 

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The batsman who hit the winning run at The Oval in 1936 was Charlie Barnett. This might seem rather trivial - and it is - but it means that I now have a complete set off all batsmen who have hit the winning runs in Tests, and all the bowlers involved.

 

For the last couple of years, that 1936 match was the last holdout and difficult to research, but I found the information in the Portsmouth Evening News, a newspaper that is now available online, through subscription to the  British Newspaper Archive.

 

 

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Taslim Arif (210*) scored runs off all 11 bowlers at Faisalabad in 1980. In the same innings, Javed Miandad (106*) faced all 11 bowlers, but scored runs off only ten: he did not score from the three balls he faced from Allan Border.

 

********

 

Consecutive runs entirely in boundaries: Test and ODI.

At Bulawayo in 2004, VS Solanki began with 9 fours = 36 runs. (He scored 56 out of his first 58 in boundaries). This is the most known in ODIs since 1999.

 

In Tests, the most consecutive runs scored entirely in boundaries, where known, is 52 by Shakib Al Hasan (100) against New Zealand at Hamilton in 2009/10. He went from 4 to 56 with two sixes and ten fours.

 

Jayasuriya played a Test innings of 32 with 8 fours at Colombo 1997 (against India). At Bridgetown in 1978, Bruce Yardley (74) started with 7 fours and a six in his first 34 runs. But this was not even a ground record. The only greater figure I have noted was at the same ground.  In the equivalent Test of 1955, The Jamaica Daily Gleaner reported that the then little-known teenager Garfield Sobers started with nine fours in his first 36 runs. He was out for 43 with ten fours.

 

3 February 2017

 

Just some bits and pieces. Here are some stats on run outs in Tests, presented in a way you may have not seen reported before. They cover Tests in this century up to 2014. The excess of non-strikers being out appears to be related to strike-farming with tail-end batsmen.

 

Striker out

44%

Non striker out

56%

0 runs

76%

1 run

18%

2 runs

5%

3 runs

0.4%

1 fielder

55%

2 fielders

42%

3 fielders

3%

When 0 Runs were scored:

 

Batsmen crossed

52%

Did not cross

48%

 

 

Striker out at bowler's end

20%

Non-striker out at keeper's end

31%

Striker out at keeper's end

24%

Non-striker out at bowler's end

25%

 

 

Keeper's end total

55%

Bowler's end total

45%

 

********

 

 

Opposing Captains in Most Tests

AN Cook/ MJ Clarke

15

AC MacLaren/ J Darling

12

AR Border/ DI Gower

12

GC Smith/ MP Vaughan

12

CH Lloyd/GS Chappell

11

CH Lloyd/ N Kapil Dev

11

GC Smith/ RT Ponting

11

MA Atherton/ MA Taylor

11

AR Border/ IVA Richards

10

MA Atherton/ RB Richardson

10

 

Batsmen Dismissed Twice in the Same Session

Day

Session

PW Sherwell

2

3

Aus v SAf, Sydney (SCG) 1910/11

JM Gregory

4

2

Aus v Eng, Melbourne (MCG) 1924/25

Hanif Mohammad

3

1

Ind v Pak, Delhi (FSK) 1952/53

Wazir Mohammad

3

3

Eng v Pak, Manchester (Old Trafford) 1954

FM Engineer

2

3

Ind v NZ, Mumbai (Brabourne) 1964/65

APE Knott

3

3

Eng v WI, Lord's 1973

Mohammad Rafique

3

3

Ban v Ind, Chittagong 2004/05

DBL Powell

2

3

Eng v WI, Leeds (Headingley) 2007

Salman Butt

3

3

Eng v Pak, Lord's 2010

DM Bravo

3

1

Aus v WI, Hobart (Bellerive) 2015/16

 

********

 

Some notes on the Question by an Ask Steven commenter "Who holds the most records?"

Source: Cricinfo Test records batting section

Qualification: highest position on a high-performance list that has more than one name.

Number of appearances:

DG Bradman 15

BC Lara 7

SR Tendulkar 5

Take out the somewhat artificial ‘milestone’ records (fastest to ‘x’ number of runs etc) and Bradman drops to 10, Lara 6, and Tendulkar 3.

 

Murali has about a dozen in the bowling, but some of these are really subsets of bigger records (e.g. "most batsmen out caught") and half of them are artificial 'milestone' records ('fastest to x number of wickets')

 

********

 

Fewest matches for first 1000 f-c runs

Matches

Runs

6

WH Ponsford

1051

9

GL Wight

1017

9

Yashpal Singh

1035

9

AA Muzumdar

1081

10

NL Bonitto

1001

10

Majid Khan

1135

10

MC Juneja

1040

10

TB de Bruyn

1029

10

Ijaz Ahmed

1027

10

MH Parmar

1077

10

Mohammad Shahzad

1033

 

 

 

 

Bobby Abel spent the first 429 overs on the field in the SCG Test of 1891/92. Several others have exceeded 400. Glenn Turner managed about 420 overs in 1971/72, not at Georgetown but at Kingston. The most for a team batting first is 418 overs by Bert Sutcliffe at Delhi in 1955/56.

 

Frank Worrell was on the field for the first 385 overs of the five-day Leeds Test of 1957. This may have been matched or exceeded by Glenn Turner at Georgetown in 1972; the precise number is uncertain.

 

Bob Simpson was on the field for 550 out of 553 overs in the Manchester Test of 1964.

 

The most overs by a player who spent the entire match on the field is 413 by MS Atapattu at Galle in 2001.

 

Alastair Cook spent the first 1490 minutes on the field at Abu Dhabi in 2015.

 

These figures presume that the player was not substituted as a fielder at any stage.

 

********

 

Most centuries in a calendar year: Don Bradman made 22 centuries in first-class cricket in 1938, and Dennis Compton the same in 1947. I don't think these have been surpassed in the era of multiple formats. Martin Crowe holds the records for most total runs (f-c + List A), 5200 in 1987, but he only made 18 centuries, and Jimmy Cook made 17 in 1990.

 

The most List A centuries in a year is 10 by Saurav Ganguly in 2000, but he made no f-c centuries at all in that year.

 

********

 

With England chasing 234 in an ODI at the SCG in 1987, Allan Lamb reached 59 without hitting a single boundary, but was then faced with the task of 18 runs off the last over. He hit 2,4,6,2,4 off Bruce Reid to win the match with a ball to spare.

 

********

 

I believe that Renshaw is the 20th Australian to bat unbeaten through the first day of a Test, based on a minimum of 450 balls in the day. There have been 36 previous instances, including Justin Langer five times. Renshaw is the youngest, displacing Graeme Wood who was aged 22.

 

********

 

Some cases of players not being present at the start of a Test:

 

·      Everton Weekes was selected to play for West Indies (Kingston 1948), after he was previously told that he had been dropped, but word got to him so late that he couldn't make it to the ground on time, and he actually saw play in progress from the air as he flew in. Weekes scored 141, the first of a still unsurpassed sequence of five consecutive Test centuries.

 

·      Sandeep Patil did not arrive for the Nagpur Test of 1983 until late in the first day. Link: an article by A Mukherhee on the extraordinary circumstances.

 

·      Just before the start of the Leeds Test of 1935, Maurice Leyland pulled out with a back injury. Someone was sent to fetch Arthur ‘Ticker’ Mitchell of Yorkshire; he was found pottering in his garden. Normally an opener, Mitchell batted down the order on the first day.

 

·      At Sheffield in 1902, some odd selector shenanigans led to S.F. Barnes being belatedly informed, by telegram on the first day, that he was to show up and play. He arrived late, but bowled first change and took 6 for 49. Barnes, who for much of his career operated outside the county system (although he was playing for Lancashire at the time), had been a success on the 1901/02 tour of Australia, but this was his first Test in England. He took wickets with the second and third balls he bowled in a Test in England.

 

********

 

 

 

5 January 2017

 

 

There is an increasing availability of old newspapers online, which extends the detail available for old Test matches. One subscription service, the British Newspaper Archive, is particularly helpful for some Tests in England. I used it to get more detail on one of the more intriguing pre-War innings, a score of 56 by Clifford Roach at The Oval in 1933. There is no original surviving score from this match.

 

Roach scored his runs in 45 minutes, and reached 50 in 33 minutes, making it competitive with the fastest innings of its day (or any day). What the newly-available papers were able to confirm was that Roach reached 50 in the ninth over of the innings. The number of balls he faced is still uncertain, but a reconstruction suggests that the strike favoured Roach, and the 50 came off about 32 balls. This is very similar to a number from a similar reconstruction of John Brown’s 50 in 28 minutes in 1895.

 

Reaching 50 in the ninth over is extraordinary in any era. Even in these times of Superbats, which dominate this category, Roach’s effort rates very highly

 

Earliest to Reach Individual 50 in an innings (total balls bowled)

Balls bowled

43

CH Gayle

WI v NZ, Port-of-Spain, Trinidad 2014

44*

DA Warner

Aus v Pak, Sydney 2017

52-54

CA Roach

Eng v WI, The Oval 1933

55

V Sehwag

Ind v Eng, Chennai (Chepauk) 2008/09

56

Mohammad Ashraful

Ban v Ind, Dhaka (Mirpur) 2007

57

JL Langer

Aus v NZ, Hobart (Bellerive) 2001/02

57

RC Fredericks

Aus v WI, Perth (WACA) 1975/76

58

CH Gayle

Eng v WI, The Oval 2004

59

CH Gayle

Eng v WI, Lord's 2004

60

ME Trescothick

SL v Eng, Colombo2 (SSC) 2003/04

60

CH Gayle

WI v SAf, Antigua (St John's) 2005

At Karachi in 1985/86, Mudassar Nazar may have reached 50 in as few as nine overs against Sri Lanka.

*Update 6th January

 

Ironically, it took Roach two hours elapsed time to reach 50, thanks to a lunch break and some rain. Roach was 24 in five overs at lunch, and reached 50 in the fourth over on resumption. There was one other rare incident: a ball that went for seven leg byes in the third over, when Roach was facing. Had it been called runs off the bat, Roach’s fifty would have come an over earlier. (There is only one other instance of seven leg byes known, in 1989.) Incidentally, I also determined that a pair of ducks in this match, by HC Griffith, was not a king pair; he was out first ball in the first innings, but second ball in the second.

 

 

***

 

On a similar subject, here are some notes I have made on the claim by Farouk Engineer that he scored a century off 46 (or 48) balls at Chennai in 1966/67. Engineer was 94 not out at lunch on the first day, and claims to have hit a six off the first ball thereafter to reach his century…

 

I don’t have any scorebook for this Test. However, 46 balls (I have also read 48 balls) is effectively impossible. For one thing, in reality Engineer took 23 minutes and (probably) eight overs after lunch to reach his century against the spin of Sobers and Gibbs. After Gibbs had taken a wicket in each of his first two overs after lunch, there was a maiden by Gibbs to Engineer, and Engineer reached his century with a single to midwicket in Gibbs’ next over. He reached 100 in 143 minutes with 17 fours and was out, for 109, twelve minutes later.

 

With Hall and Griffith opening, there were only 28 overs bowled before lunch, so scoring 94 off that was a quite remarkable achievement, and 44 overs between lunch and tea with Sobers and Gibbs bowling spin.

 

The Hindu newspaper records 44 scoring shots in his 109 (18x4, 2x3, 7x2, 17x1), with no sixes. That paper has a detailed account, but mentions no imbalance in the strike, and it would have taken an extreme imbalance to produce a century in less than 50 balls in that time.

 

An interesting feature of this and other innings at the time is the disparity in over rates depending on the bowling type. In this match, Hall and Griffith bowled only 12 overs in the first hour, but when Sobers and Gibbs were bowling spin, the over rate peaked at 23 overs per hour. The rates in each hour on the first day were 12, 16, 21, 23, 11 (new ball after 75 overs) and 6 in the last half-hour. The Hall/Griffith over rates look slow even by modern standards. I am of the opinion that the overall slowdown in modern over rates is largely due to spinners taking longer to bowl their overs. Constant changing of field settings, and long conferences with captains, are factors.

 

 

********

 

 

I don’t yet have a big collection of ODI scores from the 1980s, but I noticed an interesting item in one of that I do have, an England v Australia one-dayer at the WACA in 1986. Record sources list this match as containing a 26-run over, scored by Ian Botham off Simon Davis (4,4,2,4,6,6).

 

However, the official score is quite clear: the over also contained a wide (4,4,2,4,wd,6,6), making 27 runs. This makes it the most expensive over known up to that time in ODIs (previously, it was equal leader). It was not exceeded until Sanath Jayasuriya hit 30 off an over in Singapore October 1995, and was not exceeded on a major international ground until November 1999, when 28 runs were scored, by Tendulkar (mostly), at Hyderabad.

 

Since then, tallies like this have become regular occurrences, thanks to the twin evils of boundary ropes and monster bats.

 

One can distill the progressive record in this category as follows

 

26      Rod Marsh off BL Cairns, Adelaide 1980/81

27      Ian Botham off SP Davis, Perth 1986/87

30      Sanath Jayasuriya off Aamer Sohail, Singapore 1995/96

36      Herschelle Gibbs off DLS van Bunge, St Kitts, 2007

Off Test-ranked bowling, the records are 32 by Shahid Afridi off CM Bandara in 2007, and 35 by NLTC Perera off RJ Peterson in 2013

 

The record prior to 1980 is not clear (perhaps readers can help here). The Cricinfo records do not list any overs less than 26 runs. A 1998 book, One-Day International Cricket Lists, also lists overs from 23 to 25 runs (from research by Ross Dundas), but none of those listed occurred before 1980. The most expensive over in the very first ODI was 17 runs off an (8-ball) over by Basil D’Oliveira.

 

To some extent, this must remain a ‘where known’ record.

 

UPDATE: Steve Pittard reports a 22-run over at Old Trafford in 1978, bowled by Richard Hadlee to Ian Botham. It was the last over of the 55-over innings, with a sequence 4,4,4,2,2[nb],6. Since the Dundas research found no overs of 23 or above in this period, this should stand as the record at the time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

At Lord’s in 1926, Bert Oldfield was out to a ‘beamer’ from Roy Kilner. One report said the ball was above head height, another said it was shoulder height. Oldfield swung wildly and was caught at fine leg. Kilner was a slow bowler and the ball was accidental.

 

********

 

I have embarked on a little project to record the (descriptive) fielding positions of catches in as many Tests as possible. This is only really possible thanks to the wide collection of scores and reports that I have accumulated over the years. So far I have done 1877 to 1928 and also 1957 to 1967. Also most Tests since 1999, using online records. Generally, about 98 per cent of catches can be located in this way; it is a remarkable thing that I can do most of this sitting in my own office/library. The newspaper reports, rather than the scores, are most useful for this purpose.

 

I hope this will help with more insights into changes in the game.

Certainly one could say a lot about the results, but one example will suffice. I noticed that 'gully' as a catching position was never recorded before 1924. The first mention in a Test was in England in 1924 where it was spelled "gulley" and inverted commas were used. By 1926 it was being used in Australian papers with the modern spelling and no inverted commas.

 

Searching the digital Times database, there was an isolated use of "gully" in a report of a Gentlemen v Players match in 1910, again with the inverted commas being used. I didn't find anything similar in the Australian Trove from the time. I don't know the derivation of the term. Perhaps others can speculate.

 

So what terms were used instead? Sometimes the area was part of the slips, but I also find indications that 'point' and 'third man' were broader terms than today and, depending on the writer, extended to what we call the gully. It might help explain how WG Grace took so many catches at 'point', which doesn't attract so many chances today.

Other little observations:

 

Pre-1915, references to 'cover' or the 'the covers' were rare, almost non-existent, but 'cover-point' was commonly used.

 

I found a grand total of two catches at longstop, both of them in the 1878-79 Test.

 

'Midwicket' had not come into common use by 1928. The area, even out to the boundary, was often referred to, rather confusingly, as "short leg". Other terms were used, although it is difficult to unravel.

 

********

 

I found another case of a team scoring 200 runs in a session. At the Oval in 1928 against the West Indies, on the second day England was 235 for 1 when rain interrupted play before lunch. Play re-started at 2:30 and went to 4:55 when England was all out for 438. The rather irregular session produced 203 runs in 145 minutes.

 

********

 

 

 

12 December 2016

 

The Fastest Bowlers in the Game: Big Data

 

Cricinfo stores quite a lot of bowling speed data in attachments to their scorecards. They don’t list the speed of every ball, but they do give averages and peak speeds for every bowler in every innings, for about 90 per cent of recent Tests, taken from automated speed gun readings. While some Tests are missing, this does give allow us a reasonable comparison of bowlers.

 

I have downloaded all the Test data since early 2014 and distilled it into averages. I don’t know if anyone at Cricinfo has already done this, but it is the sort of thing they should do! The bowlers with the fastest average speeds, since early 2014, are

 

# innings

mph

kph

Mitchell Starc

27

87.9

141.5

Varun Aaron

10

87.5

140.8

Shannon Gabriel

27

87.4

140.6

Mitchell Johnson

24

86.8

139.7

Wahab Riaz

21

86.7

139.5

Morne Morkel

17

86.4

139.1

Kagiso Rabada

10

86.2

138.7

Mark Wood

17

85.7

137.9

Umesh Yadav

24

85.6

137.7

Jerome Taylor

27

85.3

137.2

Mohammed Shami

25

85.1

136.9

Chris Jordan

12

84.9

136.6

Nuwan Pradeep

24

84.8

136.4

Dale Steyn

11

84.7

136.3

Ishant Sharma

32

84.7

136.2

Ben Stokes

41

84.6

136.1

Steven Finn

24

84.3

135.6

Rahat Ali

20

84.2

135.5

Chris Woakes

20

84.2

135.5

Mohammad Amir

11

83.8

134.8

Josh Hazlewood

35

83.4

134.2

Kemar Roach

22

83.2

133.9

Dhammika Prasad

18

83.2

133.8

Minimum 10 innings. These are not precise averages because no allowance has been made for varying length of innings. Some bowlers are affected more than others by missing data, in Tests in Australia in particular.

 

It would probably be better to be able to calculate median rather than average speeds, as an indicator of ‘typical’ speed, because fast bowlers who use the slower ball more often would have their averages depressed. However, that isn’t possible with the data in this form.

 

The fastest balls recorded specifically in this dataset were

 

Fastest mph

kph

Avge kph

Varun Aaron

100.1

161.1

140.8

Aus v Ind, Adelaide Oval 2014/15

Mitchell Starc

99.0

159.3

141.5

Aus v NZ, Perth (WACA) 2015/16

Mitchell Johnson

97.9

157.5

139.7

Aus v Ind, Melbourne (MCG) 2014/15

Steven Finn

97.9

157.5

135.6

Eng v Pak, Birmingham (Edgbaston) 2016

Shane Watson

97.8

157.4

129.8

Aus v Ind, Adelaide Oval 2014/15

Mitchell Johnson

97.6

157.0

139.7

Aus v Ind, Adelaide Oval 2014/15

Mitchell Johnson

97.5

156.9

139.7

Aus v NZ, Perth (WACA) 2015/16

Wahab Riaz

97.5

156.9

139.5

Eng v Pak, The Oval 2016

Mitchell Johnson

97.0

156.1

139.7

Aus v Ind, Adelaide Oval 2014/15

Steven Finn

97.0

156.1

135.6

Eng v SL, Chester-le-Street 2016

Josh Hazlewood

96.9

155.9

134.2

Aus v NZ, Perth (WACA) 2015/16

Shannon Gabriel

96.8

155.8

140.6

Aus v WI, Hobart (Bellerive) 2015/16

Steven Finn

96.2

154.8

135.6

Eng v Pak, The Oval 2016

Dushmantha Chameera

96.0

154.5

139.5

Eng v SL, Leeds (Headingley) 2016

Nathan Lyon

95.9

154.3

86.9

Aus v WI, Hobart (Bellerive) 2015/16

James Pattinson

95.4

153.5

137.9

Aus v WI, Sydney (SCG) 2015/16

Mohammed Shami

95.2

153.2

136.9

Aus v Ind, Melbourne (MCG) 2014/15

Stuart Broad

95.2

153.2

133.2

Eng v SL, Leeds (Headingley) 2016

Chris Woakes

95.2

153.2

135.5

Eng v Pak, Birmingham (Edgbaston) 2016

Tim Southee

95.0

152.9

132.9

Aus v NZ, Adelaide Oval 2015/16

Steven Finn

95.0

152.9

135.6

Eng v Pak, Lord's 2016

 

 

This data is presented with the caveat that ‘glitches’ are in evidence. Even though Aaron is a very fast bowler, the 100 mph ball has to be dubious. The source is here. Note that Aaron bowled no balls faster than about 92 mph in that innings except for the one ball at 100. This is most likely a measurement error.

 

Notice also the evident errors in Karn Sharma’s figures in that innings. This is probably due to misidentification of the bowler. This happens fairly regularly in the data.

 

Another ‘glitch’ evident in the above table is the ball supposedly bowled by Nathan Lyon at over 95 mph.

 

I still think that the ‘average’ data is useful, but the ‘fastest recorded’ data should be treated with caution and scepticism. Even if only one ball in a thousand is a serious glitch, if you record hundreds of thousands of balls, eventually most of the most extreme records are likely to be glitches. The other trouble with speed guns is that there is no way of independently confirming a result after the event.

 

Incidentally, the slowest bowler in the data is Shakib al Hasan at an average of 48.4 mph/ 77.9 kph.

 

Also incidentally, major league baseball currently has a pitcher, Aroldis Chapman, who can pitch at over 105 mph.

 

********

 

Greg Chappell Reality

 

I happened to see one of Robert ‘Crash’ Craddock’s TV interviews in his fine ‘Cricket Legends’ series, with Greg Chappell. The conversation turned to Chappell’s Test debut, where he made 108 runs at Perth, after coming in with Australia in trouble. Chappell repeated, with absolute conviction, the folklore that Ian Redpath offered to protect Chappell from the bowling of John Snow. There is a quote at the Cricket Country website:



I came to the wicket with Australia reeling at 107 for five to join Redders, who had watched three quick wickets fall at the other end. The English left me largely untouched while zeroing in on Redders— just about the toughest batsman to dislodge. They figured if they got him the tail would capitulate. John Snow put all his energy into trapping Redders down at his end and bombarding him. They picked the wrong bloke.


I have no doubt that Chappell honestly remembers it this way, but the scorebook tells a different story. For a start, there had been two quick wickets, and not three, and one of those was a run out. When Chappell first came in, Redpath might well have said “I’ll take Snow”, but the reality was that any ‘protection’ was moot; Snow was taken off almost immediately, and in fact bowled just one over during Chappell’s first 80 minutes at the crease! That Snow over cost 10 runs and ended a good but unspectacular spell of eight overs, one for 30. In Chappell’s defence, he does say, in the Craddock interview, that his memory of the early part of the innings is a “bit of a fog”.

 

 

In those 80 minutes before lunch, Chappell actually faced 71 balls to Redpath’s 56. Snow returned after lunch and had four overs, Redpath facing 18 balls to Chappell’s 14. However, Chappell faced 13 balls to Redpath’s 11 in the first three of those overs, with no evidence of strike-farming.

 

 

Later, Snow took the new ball. This time Redpath did get more of the strike, but by this time Chappell was on 47 and had been batting more than three hours. I doubt if there was any deliberate strike-shielding going on by then, because Greg hammered 37 runs from 35 balls with the new ball before Snow was replaced. Chappell went from 50 to 100 off 47 balls. The sixth-wicket partnership was eventually worth 219 off 434 balls.

 

 

 

 

 

We don't know what speed fast bowlers bowled in the old days, but occasionally there is a hint that they must have bowled at a reasonable clip. In the first Test of 1899, Ernest Jones hit the middle stump of CB Fry and the ball went to the boundary. However, a no ball had been called and so the call was four no balls. How often do you see a ball go to the boundary after hitting middle stump?

 

I might add, while reading up on this Test, that WG Grace, on his last day in Test cricket took a great one-handed catch at point "just clear of the grass" to a shot from Hill that was "hard, low and square". It was said that Grace retired because the "ground was getting too far away", but it seems he still had the skill. He still has one of the highest ratios of catches per match of any non-keeper.

 

Incidentally, there is no hint in the newspaper reports that Grace was playing in his last Test. I can't find any mention in The Times of Grace retiring or being dropped, apart from an announcement of the second Test team a few days prior and a comment that the changes were "radical": five changes were made.

 

Some statistician colleagues related the following accounts of the end of Grace’s career.

 

“It was not decided until just before the next Test. Fry and Grace were part of the selection committee. According to CB Fry's version, Fry arrived late for the selection committee meeting. As soon as he arrived, Grace asked him whether Archie MacLaren should be part of the team for the second Test. Fry replied in the affirmative.

 

Only a little later did Fry realise that Grace was asking him whether he (Grace) should be replaced by Maclaren.

 

“The version I heard (can't remember where) was that Grace said to Stanley Jackson after the Trent Bridge match "It's over - I shan't play again." Sounds like he made the decision at that point but chose not to announce it publicly (presumably trusting Jackson not to reveal it), and by asking that question he was effectively allowing Fry to confirm it.”

 

 

“A book that I now just checked tells both stories and says that it appears that he was ready to play in the second Test before the Fry incident.”

 

 

Grace actually played for MCC and Ground versus the Australians in between the two Tests, and scored 50 and 7 and took 3 for 42.

 

I think it is interesting that just before the second Test, after the teams were selected, it was announced that the hours of play would be extended by 30 minutes per day.

 

********

 

On his Test debut in 1958, Conrad Hunte scored 50 out of the first 55 runs scored in the match. 142 not out overnight, Hunte was out to the first ball of the second day.

 

********

 

In the England/South Africa Test at Lord’s in 1912, there was no play before lunch on the first day, but South Africa was bowled out for 58 before tea. Barnes and Foster took five wickets each, and were also responsible for all three catches.

 

There is only one other completed Tests innings where just two players were completely responsible for all the wickets, including catches. At Joburg in 1927, South Africa was bowled out for 196, with George Geary and Greville Stevens sharing the wickets, and the two catches were both taken by Geary.

 

********

 

Possibly the only (former) Test player to die while watching a Test match was former captain Bill Murdoch, who passed away while watching a Test at the MCG in February 1911. Murdoch, who was resident in England, was only visiting Melbourne at the time, and his body was embalmed and taken back to London where he was buried.

 

 

********

 

28 November 2016

 

I am posting a few interesting images that I have come across, or have been sent. I will link to them rather than insert them here, for memory reasons.

 

In 1979, Cricketer magazine reported a bowler, Mike Walters, taking eight wickets in eight balls in an Army match. A picture of the scorebook was taken. I have heard claims of bowlers taking nine wickets in nine balls, but Walters’ effort does have the advantage of solid documentary evidence, and it was in an adult match. Children’s cricket records, such as the recent claims of a boy in India scoring a thousand on a tiny field, against opposition that basically didn’t know how to play cricket, are best put in a separate category, and at worst, disregarded. I consider the real innings record outside of first-class cricket to be Charles Eady’s 566 in Tasmania in 1902.

 

***

 

Not long ago I posted a wagon wheel for a Victor Trumper century. Here is another, for Trumper’s 113 at the SCG in 1911-12. This is quite different in style to the earlier one, and is obviously the work of Bill Ferguson. As such, it is the earliest Fergie Wagon Wheel known. The report, which was in the Sydney Morning Herald on 18 Dec 1911 (three days after the event), also includes detailed information on balls faced, in unprecedented detail. Unfortunately, this level of reporting was rarely followed up.

 

***

 

Between about 1895 and 1920, the size of some Australian grounds was reduced by the installation of a cycling track around the playing surface. It was in response to the sudden craze for cycling, and due to the fact that no dedicated cycling venues existed with large spectator capacity. Here is a picture of a novelty cycling race at the SCG in 1900, sent to me by Colin Clowes. Colin also noted adverse comments about the track at the time, such as

    NSW vs S.A. 18th-22nd February 1898.

 

On the second day of the match, South Australia’s Victor Hugo injured himself while fielding. The Daily Telegraph noted: “Hugo, in attempting to save a four, hurt himself on the lovely cycling track with which the trustees have disfigured the ground, and McKibbin went out to field temporarily in his place. Somebody will be killed on this track someday.”

 

 

 

For the most part, the tracks were not considered part of the cricket field. However, there was a strange exception. At Adelaide Oval in 1902, Clem Hill, on 98, was caught by a fielder on the cycling track. The dismissal was upheld even though the fielder was outside the normal field of play, and the shot would have been called six had it landed. Shots along the ground were called four on reaching the track, so if the shot had bounced, Hill would have reached his century. Apparently the captains had agreed before the game that such catches would count. The dismissal was part of Hill’s unique sequences of scores of 99, 98, and 97.

 

The tracks had an effect on scoring, and may have contributed to the “Golden Age” of cricket. Here is the ratio of boundary hits at the SCG: before, during, and after the cycling track…

 

% Runs as fours and sixes at SCG

pre-1896

38%

1897-1912

48%

1920-1937

36%

 

***

 

Poor Norman O’Neill. In 1958, at age 20, he makes one double century, and immediately he is “hailed as the new Bradman” on the front page of newspapers (in this case the Sun-Herald in Sydney, which I believe was Australia’s largest-selling newspaper at the time). It was an impossible standard to live up to, although O’Neill did enjoy a fine career. Other players burdened with the “next Bradman” sobriquet, include Neil Harvey, Ian Craig and Doug Walters. The fashion eventually wore thin.

 

 

********

 

 

Here is an article I wrote, a review of the 2015-16 Australian season, which was published a little belatedly in Between Wickets. I have included an image of the first page of the article as published, since it includes an introduction that I swear I did not write.

 

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In a Test at Sharjah, Kraigg Brathwaite (142*, 60*) remained unbeaten through sixteen consecutive partnerships. This is the most by any player in a single Test, but was matched by Victor Trumper across two Tests in 1903-04. In Trumper's case all sixteen batting partners were dismissed, which is not the case for Brathwaite, although he has a chance to extend his run.

 

When looking at this, I noticed that in 1903-04 Australia had 35 consecutive partnerships that involved either Trumper or Monty Noble (or both).

 

 

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Highest first-class scores by a batsman who was involved in only one partnership. I have included opening stands but I think the other cases are more remarkable.

 

324  Waheed Mirza, Karachi Whites v Quetta 1977 (partnership 561 for 1st wicket with Mansoor Akhtar)

319  RR Rossouw, Eagles v Titans 2010 (480 for 2nd wicket with D Elgar)

319  Gul Mohammad, Baroda v Holkar 1947 (577 for 4th wicket with V Hazare)

313  H Sutcliffe, Yorkshire v Essex 1932 (555 for 1st wicket with P Holmes)

300  DCS Compton, MCC v NE Transvaal 1948 (399 for 3rd wicket with RT Simpson)    

293  VT Trumper, Australians v Canterbury 1914 (433 for 8th wicket with A Sims)

290  WN Carson, Auckland v Otago 1936 (445 in 268 mins for 3rd wicket with PE Whitelaw)

289  Aamer Sajjad, WPDA v SSGC 2009 (580 for 2nd wicket with Rafatullah Mohmand

 

 

Aaron Finch scored 288* for Cricket Australia XI v New Zealanders 2015 in a farcical match that was abandoned after the first wicket fell.

 

 

 

An unusual run out from the distant past: at Cape Town 1891/92, Harry Wood hit a two to go from 98 to 100. They went for a third run and JJ Ferris was run out by ‘Flooi’ Du Toit.

 

Wood was the first starting wicketkeeper to score a Test century.

 

http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/.../Scorecards/3/3783.html

 

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At Port of Spain in 2000, Chris Gayle took wickets with the last two balls of Zimbabwe's innings, and in West Indies first over, wickets fell with consecutive balls, including Gayle, out first ball. So that is a strange twist on the concept of a hat-trick. Gayle, as it happened, did not get a bowl in the second innings and so was denied an opportunity for a hat-trick. That, in itself, must be rare.

 

 

********

 

At the Wanderers in 1966, HR Lance was out hit wicket to Graham McKenzie even though he did not offer a shot – he somehow stepped back onto his stumps.

In the same series, Mike Proctor was also out hit wicket, first ball, without playing a shot, but in this case he fell over while ducking under a bouncer.

Hit wicket dismissals have become quite rare with only three cases in the last 300 Tests.

 

********

 

David Lloyd is the only batsman to start his Test career with three century partnerships. The most in a row by any batsman is five, shared by Mike Denness, Graham Gooch, Ricky Ponting and David Warner; in each case it was across multiple Tests. Warner did it in the first two Tests against New Zealand last season, something I had missed when it happened.

Denness played only one Test after his sequence in 1975. His last Test innings were 188, 181, 59*, 3 and 8. Denness had been one of David Lloyd’s partners in his three initial century stands, in 1974.

 

********

 

At Madras in 1967, V Subramanya reached 51 with ten fours and a six, in an innings of 61 (11x4, 1x6). While that 46 runs in a half-century has been match or exceeded quite a number of times since, it has only one precedent, that being Reggie Spooner at The Oval in 1905. I will update  the relevant section in the Records.

 

********

 

 

9 November 2016

 

Head to Head Against the Best

 

Quite a few years ago, on this very blog (which has been running for a disturbingly long time), I remarked that a head-to-head, batsmen v bowler, analysis would be quite interesting if we just looked at superior batsmen; that is, how do the top bowlers compare when they are bowling to the top batsmen, with averages over 45?

 

Back then, I found that Glenn McGrath was well ahead of any of his contemporaries. Now I have much more data, and we can do some historical comparison.

 

I simply calculated the head-to-head figures for all bowlers when they were bowling to batsmen whose career averages are over 45. Here is the table

 

 

Bowler

R

W

Av

GD McGrath

2198

88

25.0

CEL Ambrose

1239

49

25.3

Wasim Akram

1232

40

30.8

SCJ Broad

3176

102

31.1

JA Snow

1503

47

32.0

DW Steyn

2799

86

32.5

FS Trueman

2286

70

32.7

SM Pollock

2214

66

33.5

AV Bedser

2531

75

33.7

Shoaib Akhtar

1423

42

33.9

PM Siddle

2349

67

35.1

WW Hall

1476

41

36.0

Imran Khan

1544

42

36.8

WJ O'Reilly

1905

51

37.4

RR Lindwall

1573

42

37.5

 

Qualification: 40 dismissals of top-ranked batsmen, or 1500 runs (50 dismissals for current players).

 

I should explain that entries in italics included some estimated data, because I don’t have all Tests ball-by-ball. This is not as bad as it seems; in most cases where estimates are included, a large majority of the data for that bowler is known exactly, and the estimates form a minority component. There are no pre-1920 bowlers because almost no batsmen averaged over 45 in those days.

 

Readers may make of this list what they will. Obviously pace bowlers are dominant, with Bill O’Reilly the top-ranked spinner. The truth is that wickets for almost all spinners are weighted towards the tail end, and even the best spinners were often hammered by the best batsmen. Brian Lara averaged over 100 against the combined bowling of Murali, Warne, Danish Kaneria and MacGill, but only 27 off McGrath.

 

I suppose that pace bowlers have one advantage in that when top-order batsmen fail, it is sometimes before the spinners come on. I wouldn’t think that this was an overwhelming factor though.

 

The figures do confirm my impression that Glenn McGrath was the most difficult bowler of the modern era. While Shane Warne was acclaimed the “Bowler of the Century” by Wisden, I am not even sure he was the best bowler in his team.

 

Warne, incidentally, is 33rd of 81 bowlers on the list with an average of 45.3. I won’t dwell on the bottom of the table except to say that John Emburey has the highest average of those that qualify, at 98.0.

 

It did occur to me that in different eras, bowlers will bowl to different sets of top batsmen. So I normalised the averages so that instead of treating all 45+ batsmen equally, bowlers were rewarded more for dismissing the very best batsmen. (A career batting average of 45 has no adjustment, 50 has some adjustment, while bowling to Bradman gets a big adjustment). The adjusted averages are below; not much different but some changes occur.

 

Bowl

Adj Av

GD McGrath

22.6

CEL Ambrose

22.9

SCJ Broad

27.6

Wasim Akram

28.4

JA Snow

28.7

AV Bedser

28.9

DW Steyn

29.4

FS Trueman

29.6

SM Pollock

29.8

Shoaib Akhtar

31.0

PM Siddle

31.6

RR Lindwall

31.7

WJ O'Reilly

31.9

H Verity

32.0

Imran Khan

33.2

 

This analysis lifts Alec Bedser and Hedley Verity, the reason being that they bowled to Bradman, and enjoy the greatest beneficial adjustment as a result. Verity had the best record of any bowler against Bradman, with eight dismissals and an average of 49.8.

 

 

********

 

Here's a nice little find that pleases me. I have a section in my records of bowlers who took five wickets in fewest balls, also the subject of a recent question in Ask Steven. The record is 12 balls by Kallis, or, if we ignore Bangladesh, 13 balls by Laker in THAT Test. There was one uncertain one that is a candidate: at Melbourne in 1901/02, Monty Noble took the last five wickets of his 7/17 very rapidly, but I was unable to get an exact number, in spite of checking numerous newspapers.

 

Anyway, I have found an account in a newspaper called the Port Phillip Herald that settles the matter. Noble took wickets with the last two balls of his sixth over, another in his seventh, then two more in four balls to finish the innings. That is five wickets in twelve balls, a match for Kallis. The sequence was

W, W, 0, 0, 2, W, 0, 0, 0, W, 4, W

 

 

 

Only once has every player in a Test team made more than 20 runs in the match. That was New Zealand at Johannesburg in 1994, where the minimum of 25 runs was shared by the two openers.

 

********

 

The England team at Bombay in 1964 had only 11 fit players available, the other players in the touring team being injured or ill. Shortly after the match began, Micky Stewart also fell ill, leaving the team with ten players. On the first day, AG Kripal Singh of India filled in as a substitute fielder for England; on the second day, Hanumant Singh did the duty. Neither received any chances.

 

********

 

Georgetown 1965: Garry Sobers, batting at #6,  gave opener Conrad Hunte a 46-over head start, but overtook Hunte’s score in 10 overs. At that point, Hunte was out for 38 off 160 balls, with Sobers then on 39; Sobers was out shortly afterwards for 42 off 56 balls.

 

********

 

On the second day of the Edgbaston Test of 1965 (Eng v NZ) the maximum temperature in Birmingham was 9° C. Hot drinks were brought out to the players during drinks breaks.

 

*******

 

Most wickets in a session for one team: at Manchester in 1888, Australia lost 18 wickets during the third morning session, going from 32/2 to 81 all out, and 70 all out following on. There were about 2 hours of play. The match was over at that point, and I believe there was no lunch break.

 

In more modern times, Pakistan lost 11 wickets in the final session of the third day at Lord's in 2010. At Mumbai in 2004, there were 14 wickets in a very long final session of the match, four from India, and all 10 from Australia (93 all out).

 

http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/.../Score.../257/257231.html

 

********

 

Update on the subject of teams appealing against too much light (see August 25)…

 

Sreeram tells me of a case in Women’s Tests, at Collinhgam 1986, where the Indian (fielding) team refused to continue due to light reflecting off car windscreens (which didn’t trouble the batters). In fact, they sat on the pitch until all the cars had been moved. England was chasing a target on the last day, and the over rate from the Indian team seems to have fallen to unprecedented low levels. Reports say that, at one point, seven or eight overs were bowled in an hour. This is slower, by some margin, than any over rate that I have recorded in men’s Tests.

 

********

 

 

23 October 2016

 

Here’s a link to an article of mine that has been published on the Cricket Monthly website. I will also post it in my Longer Articles page I hope you like it as much as some of the people who posted comments. I certainly enjoyed reading them!

 

http://www.thecricketmonthly.com/story/1056115/tracking-the-misses

 

While I have it in mind, I will add the following note:

 

The overall average ‘cost’ of dropped catches is similar to the overall batting average, at around 33 runs.

 

I suppose one way to evaluate a keeper in a match is to tally the total number of chances he receives. Then calculate how many of these an ‘average’ keeper would be expected to drop. Take the difference between this and the actual number of drops, multiply by 33, and you have a runs value for the keeper’s catching.

 

Say that a keeper received 8 catching chances in a match, and catches 5. The average keeper would be expected to drop 15%; that is, 1.2 catches. Our keeper has dropped 3, so he has an excess of 1.8. At 33 runs per drop, our keeper has cost the team about 60 runs.

 

By the same calculation, a keeper who received 8 chances, and catches them all, has gained his team an advantage of about 40 runs.

 

Stumpings would be calculated separately. One might also do separate calculations for pace and spin bowling, since these have very different drop rates for keepers. This would require ball-by-ball records.

 

Of course, you can add in other factors, such as the value of the batsmen dismissed. This can create difficulties, because there are many possible factors. When you use lots of factors, the final result becomes rather arbitrary, depending on the weight you place on each factor.

 

 

********

 

One-Handed Batting

 

With the help of Sreeram and others, I have made a list of batsmen who have batted, in effect, with one hand, due a broken bone or other serious injury.

 

LH Tennyson, Leeds 1921

RT Simpson, Leeds 1953

JT Murray, Sydney 1962-63

MC Cowdrey, Lord's 1963 (did not face)

MD Marshall, Edgbaston 1984

VP Terry, Old Trafford 1984

Salim Malik, Faisalabad 1986-87

A Ranatunga, Rawalpindi 1999-00

GC Smith, Sydney 2008-09

Wahab Riaz, Colombo PSS 2015

 

UPDATE: J Srinath, Mumbai 2001 (2nd innings) (H/T Abhishek)

Talat Ali, Adelaide 1972-73

Nick Knight batted one-handed in an ODI in 1997 (Auckland)

 

 

The extent to which Simpson was playing one-handed is uncertain. In the same series, there is a picture of Len Hutton hitting a one-handed shot at Lord’s. The puzzle here is that Hutton scored 145, and “gave full rein to his shots” according to The Times, which, although it mentions an injury (suffered while fielding), does not mention Hutton batting one-handed.

 

Malik batted both left-handed and right-handed during his innings, perhaps the only batsman to do so in Tests. Cowdrey was prepared to do so, but did not face. Terry was probably the most seriously injured of these players; he is the only one on the list to bat with his arm in a sling, in what was his last Test innings.

 

 

********

 

The fastest century makers. These are the batsmen with fastest average balls faced to 100. (First 100 runs mind you, not whole innings). With a minimum of 10 Test centuries, the Top Five are Gilchrist (107 balls), Warner (116), Sehwag (119), McCullum (122), and Pietersen (139). Jayasuriya and Botham are very close to Pietersen on 139.

 

They are followed by Dilshan (141), Gayle (143), Clive Lloyd (147), Viv Richards (148) and Lara (150)

 

At 5-9 centuries there is also Afridi (104), Kapil Dev (108), with Cairns and Prior on 125.

 

With no minimum, there is Gilbert Jessop, whose only century was reached in 76 balls.

 

 

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The most runs in a calendar year is 5200 by Martin Crowe in 1987 (first-class + List A). Jimmy Cook scored 14,167 runs in three consecutive years, 1989-1991. It might surprise people to learn that such players were playing more cricket 30 years ago than our supposedly 'overloaded' players do today.

 

The most in first-class alone is 4962 by Denis Compton in 1947. Compton scored 5476 runs between October 1946 and September 1947.

 

It will be difficult to exceed these totals because the effect of T20 cricket has been to depress the number of runs scored and wickets taken, not increase them. Last time I checked, the most runs in a year that included T20 games was 3788 by JA Rudolph in 2010, so Kohli may beat that.

 

Charles Turner took 365 first-class wickets in calendar year 1888. I don’t think this has been surpassed in f-c, or in combined formats.

 

 

********

 

 

 

 

The highest partnerships equally shared…

 

At Headingley in 1993,the fifth wicket stand between Steve Waugh and Allan Border added 332 (unbeaten) with each scoring 157 runs. There were 18 sundries.

 

At Adelaide Oval in 1977, Graham Yallop and Peter Toohey shared a partnership of 120 in which each scored exactly 60 runs, with no sundries.

 

********

 

A One-Day International at the Gabba on 9 Jan 1993 was completed and all over at 12:30 pm. After an unusually early starting time of 9:00 am, Pakistan was bowled out in 116 minutes for 71. The innings break was only 10 minutes and West Indies chased down the runs in 84 minutes (19.2 overs).

Would this be the earliest finish (in time of day) to an international cricket match?

 

UPDATE: Sreeram reports “The Sri Lanka v Zimbabwe match on December 8, 2001 lasted 108 minutes and was over 'by mid-day'. So it probably ended at 11.48 am.”

 

 

********

 

At the SCG in 1963, Fred Trueman hit Richie Benaud for six and immediately appealed against the light. The appeal was turned down and Trueman then hit Benaud for two fours (one of which would be a six with modern boundary ropes) to take 14 off the over.

 

********

 

 

 

1 October 2016

 

 

There is an update to the HOT 100 list, the fastest and slowest batsmen in Test cricket. I only update this annually now, since scoring speed is a relatively constant characteristic of batsmen, and less variable than batting average. The lists change only slowly, although David Warner has crept up a place into 5th. Brendon McCullum also moved up, just before his retirement, thanks in part to his extraordinary 145 off 79 balls at Christchurch.

 

********

 

 

I spent a little time last week in the National Library in Canberra copying some early ODI scores that they have (the Library obtained them from the MCC), including the original ODI in January 1971.

 

There was a curiosity with that 1971 score. The original team names were given as "An Australian XI" v "M.C.C.". These names had been crossed out and replaced with "Australia" and "England". Next to these changes is a scrawled note which is a little difficult to read…

 

"(Title of match [revised, or request] by Sir Donald Bradman and Sir Cyril Hawker)"

 

The match was scored by Geoffrey Saulez and R.W. Bright.

 

There certainly was some confusion at the time as to the category of the match, and it certainly indicates that the idea of a "One Day International" came later. Initial newspaper reports of the match did not know quite what to call it; the odd phrase "knockout match" was used. Wisden mostly ignored the match, giving it just a two-line potted score and no match report.

 

One-Day cricket was known in Australia at the time, having started in 1969-70. However, it might have been the first such game for some of the players.

 

I had to look up who Sir Cyril Hawker was: he was President of the MCC at the time. Although he had played one f-c match, his main background was as a banker (Governor of the bank of England, in fact).

 

 

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A Trumper Wagon Wheel

 

I also found a wagon wheel of a major Trumper innings, his 166 in the final Test of 1907-08. I haven’t seen such a thing for a Trumper innings before.

 

Most striking is the lack of runs through cover and around to third man. Trumper favoured the straight hit or scored on the leg side. I would think that what is called “short leg” includes longer hits to mid-wicket.

 

Xx

 

image004

 

xx

 

 

 

 

 

 

There are a few cases of bowlers losing grip and mis-delivering  the ball, and the batsmen have claimed right to hit the ball anyway, wherever it ended up. This is no longer allowed – umpires nowadays are directed to call dead ball, although I don’t quite know why that Law is necessary – but it has happened historically. Here are a few examples in Tests, where the ball was hit to the boundary. (Thanks to Brodibb’s Next Man In, Ashru, and others.)

 

·      The winning runs at Lord’s 1921 were hit by Warren Bardsley off Jack Durston, from a ball that stopped halfway up the pitch.

 

·      Delhi 1969: a ball by Sobroto Guha fell from his hand and rolled toward square leg. Encouraged by Bill Lawry, Keith Stackpole walked out and hit it for four.

 

·      Faisalabad 1982: a delivery from Abdul Qadir dropped out of his hand. Greg Ritchie claimed it and hit it for four.

 

·      Old Trafford 1999: A ball from Phil Tufnell bounced away towards square leg. Craig McMillan ran out and hit it to the boundary, but it was called dead ball.

 

In an ODI at Cuttack in 2003, McMillan tried this again of the bowling of Karthik, but he mishit the ball and was almost run out – or he might have been except that the umpire was calling dead ball.

 

At Old Trafford 1935, a ball from Vincent rolled to a stop before it reached batsman Hammond. Hammond appeared to want to go out and hit the ball, but with fielders hurrying toward the ball, he retreated to his crease.

 

UPDATE: Wellington 1990, a ball from Danny Morrison slipped and rolled to square leg. Alan Border claimed it, walked over and hit it to the boundary, with Morrison standing a few yards away.

 

 

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In an ODI at Harare in 1992, Ken Rutherford played an innings of 37 that consisted of a six and 31 singles.

In the same year, at the WACA in Perth, Javed Miandad played an innings of 59*, off 83 balls, that consisted entirely of singles and twos. This is the highest known innings in international cricket without any strokes for three, four or more .

 

 

 

 

17 September 2016

 

 

Few cricket fans imagine that they could be successful at Test cricket, but there are millions of people out there who see themselves as better at selecting Test teams than the people who have the job. The cutting below shows that this has been the case for many generations. It is from a Test in 1901/02 and mentions the heavy fire that faced selectors who had named Reggie Duff and Warwick Armstrong in the Australian team.

 

image005

 

 

But sometimes it is the selectors who get it right. Duff top-scored in both innings in what was his Test debut, while Armstrong scored 4* and 45*.

 

I came across this while trying to nail down the number of balls bowled by Monty Noble in taking his last five wickets in the first innings in that Test. The record for fewest balls bowled is 12 by Jacques Kallis, although that was against Bangladesh; in a proper Test match it is 13 balls by Jim Laker. This was probably matched by Noble, but I am still unable to come up with an exact figure. It could be as low as 12, or as high as 14.

 

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No bowler spent more time bowling to the famed ‘Three Ws’ than Jim Laker, whose encounters with the West Indies’ greats spanned almost a decade. The curious thing is that while Weekes and Worrell both tamed Laker’s spin thoroughly, Walcott had nothing but trouble.

 

Bat

Bowl

Inns

Runs

Wkt

Avge

R/100 b

EdeC Weekes

JC Laker

15

201

2

100.5

53.5

FMM Worrell

JC Laker

13

218

0

218+

32.3

CL Walcott

JC Laker

19

236

11

21.5

44.3

 

The innings count is only those innings in which Laker actually bowled to the batsman. Laker at one stage dismissed Walcott in nine consecutive innings in which he bowled to him (there were one or two other innings in between where Walcott did not face Laker). This is the most for any head-to-head pair in the database.

 

********

 

Most international runs in a 365-day period. Dates are “365 days ending”, not calendar years. Combined totals for Tests, ODIs and T20is.

 

Runs

 

 

Matches

3172

29-Jan-2015

KC Sangakkara

52

3098

26-Apr-2006

RT Ponting

49

3076

13-Sep-2015

SPD Smith

41

3032

13-Nov-2015

KS Williamson

45

2991

28-Jul-2012

KC Sangakkara

56

2857

27-Feb-2004

RT Ponting

47

2855

3-Apr-2016

JE Root

42

2850

27-Nov-2006

Mohammad Yousuf

37

2830

16-Dec-2014

AD Mathews

57

 

 

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A curiosity that I came across on the subject of long-distance cricket travel. Garfield Sobers played in a Sheffield Shield match in Adelaide that ended on 13 Feb 1962, but also played in a Test in Trinidad starting on 16 Feb 1962. In between, he made a 55-hour flight on three airlines, covering 12,600 miles and arriving in the middle of the night of the first morning of the Test. Without the time difference, he would not have made it. The final drive to the cricket ground was an additional two hours.

 

From Adelaide, the West Indies is one of the most distant places to travel to by air. That is true to this day.

 

Nowadays our ‘overloaded’ players expect longer breaks than this between T20 games at the same ground.

 

In the two matches, Sobers scored a combined total 293 runs and took 15 wickets. The guy was unbelievable. In the Shield match, he scored 2 and 251, and took 3/51 and 6/72.

 

Everton Weekes was once selected to play for West Indies (Kingston 1948), after he was previously told he had been dropped, but word got to him so late that he couldn't make it to the ground on time, and actually saw play in progress from the air as he flew in.

 

http://cricketarchive.com/Archive/Scorecards/25/25321.html

 

http://www.cricketarchive.co.uk/Arc…/Scorecards/…/25328.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blinded by the Light…The ToSH Facebook group has collected a few cases, in Tests, of play being stopped by excessive light or glare.

 

·      Johannesburg 1896: the final day was interrupted for 30 minutes by "glare from a conservatory”.

 

·      England v New Zealand, Christchurch 1962/3, interrupted by evening sunlight reflecting off a roof. It ended play 11 minutes early on the third day. Barrington appealed against the 'light', literally. "...extraordinary glare of the evening sun on the aluminium roof of the grandstand behind the wicket."

 

·      England vs West Indies, Manchester 1995, first day; the cause of the glare was a row of greenhouses adjacent to the ground. Tea was taken 21 minutes early, but no net time was lost.

 

·      Pakistan v New Zealand, Rawalpindi, 1996-97: the opening day saw several hold-ups. One was caused by sunlight dazzling the batsmen after tea.

 

UPDATED (see October 24 2016).

 

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A figure for most runs conceded before first wicket in ODIs has become available, thanks to the unearthing (by Ross Dundas) of a scoresheet. Asif Mujtaba took his first ODI wickets (2 for 38) at the MCG in January 1993, in his 18th ODI. The first wicket was taken after he had conceded 17 runs, bringing his total to 292 runs. It was his 291st ball in ODIs, and the 12th time he had bowled.

 

Ata-ur-Rehman bowled at least 51 overs before his first wicket, which is the probable record in terms of balls bowled. The exact number is still not available.

 

 

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25 August 2016

 

 

The project to upload detailed scores of all Tests from the 1950s has been completed, and the database now covers all Tests from 1920 to early 1960. I hope to post more in the future, starting with pre-1920 Tests, but there is no schedule at the moment.

 

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A couple of new discoveries…

 

I visited Headingley more than a decade ago, and went through all their scorebooks, and copied all the Test matches that I could find. Time was limited, and unfortunately I failed to fully copy the 1912 and 1965 Tests. I was unable to find the 1957 Test and the 1952 Test in the time available.

 

A problem was that most of the Tests were in scorebooks other than the year in question. This was because the main county scorebook travelled with the Yorkshire team, and Yorkshire played away while Headingley Test matches were on. Most Test scores that I found were either in a Second XI book or in a First XI book for a different year. There was no telling where a Test score would turn up, so I had to leaf through every page of every book to find them.

 

Since then, the scorebooks have been donated to the West Yorkshire Archive Service. After a bit of correspondence with them, they searched the books again and found all the missing material. Well done! They have supplied me with copies, and I have re-scored them into digital form. The 1952 and 1957 Tests have now been posted in my Online Database.

 

All Tests ever played at Headingley are now represented by scorebooks or ball-by-ball records, and have been re-scored. Going back to 1899, this is the longest and most complete record for any major Test match ground (although the 1902 match at Sheffield has unfortunately not been found). Lord’s goes back to 1921, and Sydney to 1910; in both cases earlier records exist, but there are gaps. Other major grounds have more recent gaps (Perth is complete, but only started in 1970).

 

The most recent Test in England that has no scorebook is now The Oval 1951 (v South Africa). The other post-War Tests in England that are missing are The Oval 1946 and 1949, and Trent Bridge 1947.

 

 

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Culture Clash

 

This is a bit of a departure, but I thought I would post a newspaper article unearthed by John Kobylecky, concerning an extraordinary incident during the M.C.C. tour of Pakistan in 1955-56. This tour, perhaps unfortunately, is not regarded as an official Test tour, although the major matches were very much regarded as Tests in Pakistan itself. The attitude of the M.C.C. to these matches is a strange contrast to the Tests in India of 1951-52, which have official status, even though that M.C.C. team was also far from representative.

 

In any case, the article describes the mistreatment of one of the umpires, by English players including the captain, on the rest day of the 3rd ‘Test’ in faraway Peshawar in January 1956. Although there was an attempt to excuse the behaviour as university-style ‘ragging’, it sounds awful. It best, gross cultural insensitivity, at worst, inexcusable assault.

 

The incident was reported in The Times, but only in brief outline. Some readers may already be aware of it, but I had not heard about it before, so it might be new to others.

 

 

EXCERPTS FROM FRONT PAGE ARTICLE ON 28 FEBRUARY HEADED: UMPIRE BEG ACCEPTS APOLOGY (full article embraces 9 columns).

 

Umpire Idris Beg has accepted apologies offered by the MCC manager, Mr. Geoffrey Howard, on behalf of all persons concerned in last night’s incident. Umpire Idris Beg was last night forcibly taken away in a tonga by some members of the MCC party, including Donald Carr (captain) and Sutcliffe (vice-captain), to their hotel where water was poured on him. During Mr. Beg’s efforts to escape from the MCC cricketers, he had his shoulder sprained. Mr. Howard issued the following statement after conferring with Mr. Beg.

 

‘I have offered Mr. Idris Beg my apologies on behalf of all persons concerned which he has accepted in the best possible spirit. He has told me that he regards the matter as closed, and joins me in the hope that friendly relations between cricketers of both the sides will be continued throughout the remainder of the series.’

 

According to Mr. Beg the MCC party gagged him and dragged him in the tonga and while he was in the room of one of the MCC cricketers he was also dealt blows. The MCC camp, however, denied this, and it was said that only water was poured on Mr. Beg as part of a ragging.

 

According to our correspondent’s version in continuation of yesterday’s story, the MCC captain Carr and vice-captain Sutcliffe allegedly kidnapped umpire Idris Beg from his hotel and beat him up, dislocating one of his arms. Just past ten last night, it is stated, an eight-man party including Carr, Sutcliffe, Close, Richardson, Swetman and Stevenson – all members of visiting team – and two others, arrived at the Services Hotel in search of Idris. He was there standing outside on the lawn talking to a friend when, accosted by the ‘invading’ party, he unsuspectingly obliged only to be allegedly gagged and hustled into a tonga and whisked away to the tourists’ hotel.

 

With the gagged umpire in their custody, the MCC party and their two associates, described here as the official MCC scorer and an ex-British army officer, drove off to the Dean’s Hotel, where the visitors were staying. In room number 18 worse was in store for the unfortunate umpire, who had been the target of bitter British press comments. It is said once inside room number 18, Idris Beg was subjected to harsh handling. Whisky was, it is alleged, forced down his throat for the first time in this teetotaller’s life, water was thrown on his person, and he was given a thorough beating.

 

Meanwhile, the news of the strange ‘kidnapping’ spread like wildfire. Pakistan’s fast bowlers Khan Muhammad and Mahmood Husain dashed off to Idris Beg’s help and found the injured umpire lying on the veranda floor. He was picked up and brought back to his hotel. By now the entire Pakistan team, fast asleep after a historic day’s play, had been awakened, and at the dead of night, things began to happen. Pakistan captain Kardar and Cricket Control Board Secretary Cheema rushed to meet MCC Captain and Manager Geoffrey Howard. There was heated argument at this meeting, and it is believed the visitors’ captain Carr, offered to apologise, obliging by admitting that a mistake had been committed.

 

A strange sort of press conference was summoned in the early hours of the morning at which no more than two correspondents were present – Crawford White of the London ‘News Chronicle’ and Omar Quershi, Radio Pakistan commentator. The visitors’ captain is stated to have told the press conference he realised that they (the MCC stalwarts) had done something wrong which would lower the prestige of the game and bring upon them the wrath of every sportsman.

 

A message from Karachi adds: Group Captain Cheema, Secretary of the Pakistan Cricket Board, who flew into Karachi from Peshawar this afternoon, had a meeting with the Governor-General, Major-General Iskander Mirza, President of the Board, about the manhandling of umpire Idris Beg by the touring MCC cricketers. Group Captain Cheema told the APP tonight:

 

‘I have placed all the facts before the President along with the written apology of MCC skipper Donald Carr. Major-General Iskander Mirza would decide what is to be done about it’

 

The Test Match, he said, would be played tomorrow, as scheduled. A message from London adds: No comment is being made by the MCC, London, until a full report of the incident involving Pakistani umpire Mr. Idris Beg and some MCC players has been received. Mr. S.C. Griffiths, Assistant Secretary of the MCC, confirmed today that a cable mentioning the matter had been sent to London by Mr. Geoffrey Howard, the MCC team Manager. The cable also stated that Mr. Howard was writing to the Lords.

 

‘Until we receive this letter’ said Mr. Griffiths, ‘we can say nothing at all.’

 

 

 

 

 

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